A minor chiefly family known as the Muttaraiyar held power in the Kaveri delta. They were subordinate to the Pallava kings of Kanchipuram.

  1. How did the Chola dynasty take birth?
    Vijayalaya, who belonged to the ancient chiefly family of the Cholas from Uraiyur, captured the Kaveri delta from the Muttaraiyar in the middle of the ninth century. He built the town of Thanjavur and a temple for goddess Nishumbhasudini there. The successors of Vijayalaya conquered neighbouring regions and the kingdom grew in size and power. The Pandyan and the Pallava territories to the south and north were made part of this kingdom.
  2. Who is known as the most powerful king of the Chola dynasty?
    Rajaraja I in considered as the most powerful Chola ruler. He became king in 985 and expanded control over most of these areas. He also reorganised the administration of the empire.
  3. Under whose reign did the Chola dynasty spread out of the Indian subcontinent?
    It was under Rajaraja’s son Rajendra I that the Chola dynasty spread out of the Indian subcontinent. Rajendra I continued his father’s policies and even raided the Ganga valley, Sri Lanka and countries of Southeast Asia, developing a navy for these expeditions.
  4. Name two greatest temples built by the Chola rulers.
    The big temples of Thanjavur and Gangai konda cholapuram, built by Rajaraja and Rajendra, are architectural and sculptural marvels.
  5. What was the special place that temples in the Chola time occupy?
    Chola temples often became the centre of settlements which grew around them. These were centres of craft production. Temples were also endowed with land by rulers as well as by others. The produce of this land went to maintain all the specialists who worked at the temple and very often lived near it – priests, garland makers, cooks, sweepers, musicians, dancers, etc. In other words, temples were not only places of worship; they were the hub of economic, social and cultural life as well.

A minor chiefly family known as the Muttaraiyar held power in the Kaveri delta. They were subordinate to the Pallava kings of Kanchipuram.

  1. How did the Chola dynasty take birth?
    Vijayalaya, who belonged to the ancient chiefly family of the Cholas from Uraiyur, captured the Kaveri delta from the Muttaraiyar in the middle of the ninth century. He built the town of Thanjavur and a temple for goddess Nishumbhasudini there. The successors of Vijayalaya conquered neighbouring regions and the kingdom grew in size and power. The Pandyan and the Pallava territories to the south and north were made part of this kingdom.
  2. Who is known as the most powerful king of the Chola dynasty?
    Rajaraja I in considered as the most powerful Chola ruler. He became king in 985 and expanded control over most of these areas. He also reorganised the administration of the empire.
  3. Under whose reign did the Chola dynasty spread out of the Indian subcontinent?
    It was under Rajaraja’s son Rajendra I that the Chola dynasty spread out of the Indian subcontinent. Rajendra I continued his father’s policies and even raided the Ganga valley, Sri Lanka and countries of Southeast Asia, developing a navy for these expeditions.
  4. Name two greatest temples built by the Chola rulers.
    The big temples of Thanjavur and Gangai konda cholapuram, built by Rajaraja and Rajendra, are architectural and sculptural marvels.
  5. What was the special place that temples in the Chola time occupy?
    Chola temples often became the centre of settlements which grew around them. These were centres of craft production. Temples were also endowed with land by rulers as well as by others. The produce of this land went to maintain all the specialists who worked at the temple and very often lived near it – priests, garland makers, cooks, sweepers, musicians, dancers, etc. In other words, temples were not only places of worship; they were the hub of economic, social and cultural life as well.

Biju John is an educational writer, educator and the author of OM - The Otherwise Men. He gives live classes on Skype and Facebook. You can attend his 3 Day Classes (English & Business Studies) in Delhi, Bangalore, Qatar and Dubai. His Contact number is 91 9810740061.

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