Sample Board Examination
Marks 100 – Time 3 Hours
1. Read the article below and attempt the questions that follow.
- Male Domination! They all say that male dominate the female. The day man and woman was born or the day he and she got married, or the day the two sexes realized that they could generate their own offspring, he became her guard, lover and companion just as she became his. How many million years ago, we do not know but there was a day when it really happened. Did the woman say that she was better dominated? Did he ever ask her, “may I dominate you?”
- Here is how Ms. Woman got dominated. When she first became a mother, she loved her baby so much that she could not let it eat on its own. She fed the baby with her own life-milk. When the baby grew up, she carried him/her all the time. When the baby became a child, the mother packed his food and accompanied her to the bus stop. In the evenings, the mother went to receive the child at the bus stop. When the child was a grownup man or woman, the mother grew old and tired but children kept on calling on her. Iron my shirt, pack my food, wash my plates!
- Take another instance. Ms. Young Woman gets married to a stranger or her long loved lover – whoever. Since her first night, she walks hand in hand with her husband, her God! She cannot see him wash his clothes. She says, “dear, I will do that.” He returns from work and she is waiting for him, sleep-deprived. Probably he tried to help her in the kitchen and she shooed him away because she could not see him overwork. Years passed and he became used to be served by her. He became lazy. He wants her do all that she used to do for him. Who began this? In short, mother and wife bent their backs so low that her children and her husband found her back the most comfortable place to live their life.
- Ms. Woman and Ms. Young Woman have not altered their habits. Nature has called her Mother because of this limitation of hers. She cares. She loves. And then she complains. Male domination is not a product of a group of men who had once upon a time decided that woman were better to be dominated. It was how Nature wanted her to be and still wants to be. Our dear feminists have overlooked this side so they are in a constant rebellion.
1. 1 Answer the following questions:
- Whom do Ms. Woman and Ms. Young Woman represent? (1 Mark)
- Does the writer think that woman should be dominated? What does the writer think of male domination? (2 Marks)
- The writer thinks that male domination started from woman. How? (2 Marks)
- Why does the writer think that male domination is going to stay as long as humanity exists? (1 Mark)
1.2 Multiple Choice Questions
- Women cut the way to male domination by:
- Serving men out of sympathy.
- Serving men out of love and care.
- Serving men because she was scared of men.
- Serving men because she was stronger than men.
- Women cannot put an end to male domination by:
- Not serving men any more,
- Not obeying men any more,
- Not getting married to men any more,
- Doing none of the above.
2. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:
- We live at a time when religious harmony is not particularly satisfactory. In simple words, India’s uneducated and therefore narrow-minded majority has started hating each other on the basis of religions, castes and sub castes. Keep politics out of this discussion and let’s find a solution to this religious discord that business class and political leaders have caused in our midst. Less than 1% of Indians believe that India is a Hindu nation but that cannot be true. As America doesn’t say that it is a Christian nation or as Europe doesn’t say it is a Christian continent or as China doesn’t say that it is a Buddhist nation, let’s also not say that India is a Hindu nation. India is the nation of Indians who believe in various religions.
- The greatest hurt that the Hindus of India have suffered is that millions of them were forcibly converted into Islam by a number of Muslim invaders who came here for wealth. Hindus have experienced religious persecution in the form of forceful conversions, documented massacres, demolition and desecrations of temples, as well as the destruction of universities and schools. In modern times, Hindus in the Muslim-majority regions of Kashmir, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan and other countries have suffered persecution. Mahmud of Ghazni invaded the Indian subcontinent during the early 11th century. His campaigns across the Gangetic plains are often cited for their iconoclast plundering and destruction of temples. Mahmud’s court historian Al-Utbi viewed Mahmud’s expeditions as a jihad to propagate Islam and extirpate idolatry. Mahmud may not have personally hated Hindus, but he was after the loot and welcomed the honours and accolades in the Islamic world obtained by desecrating Hindu temples and idols.
- Mohammed Ghori raided north India and the Hindu pilgrimage site Varanasi at the end of the 12th century and he continued the destruction of Hindu temples and idols that had begun during the first attack in 1194. Malik Kafur pursued two violent campaigns into south India, between 1309 and 1311, against three Hindu kingdoms of Deogiri (Maharashtra), Warangal (Telangana) and Madurai (Tamil Nadu). Thousands were slaughtered. Halebid temple was destroyed. The temples, cities, and villages were plundered. The loot from south India was so large, that historians of that era state a thousand camels had to be deployed to carry it to Delhi. In the booty from Warangal was the Koh-i-Noor diamond. In 1311, Malik Kafur entered the Srirangam temple, massacred the Brahmin priests of the temple who resisted the invasion for three days, plundered the temple treasury and the storehouse and desecrated and destroyed numerous religious icons.
- Coming to the point, what should the 80% Hindu population think about the 15% Muslim population and the others? If millions of Hindus were, note the point, ‘forcibly converted into other religions,’ why should they be blamed today? Considering that the Indian Muslim population of today are converted Hindus and that they had embraced Islam because they were scared of embracing death, shouldn’t their Hindu brothers and sisters respect them? There is no point asking the Muslims to get reconverted because over the centuries they heard and believed only what their leaders and holy scriptures have taught them. May peace be on this earth!
2.1 Based on your reading of the passage, answer the following questions:
- Do you think that the Hindus had been persecuted in the past? Cite an example. (2 marks)
- What is the writer’s opinion about the claim that India is a Hindu nation? (1 marks)
- Why does the writer say that Hindus should treat the Muslims as their brothers and sisters? (2 marks)
- Why did Malik Kafur massacre the Brahmin priests of Srirangam Temple in 1311? (1 mark)
- The Muslim invaders plundered the Hindu temples for a reason other than religious. What was that? (1 mark)
- Find words that are synonymous to; 1. Change one’s religion; 2. Torture. (1 mark)
- Write a notice informing all the residents of your colony about a Book Exchange Day to be conducted at house number 22/B to encourage and facilitate reading habits in the colony. You are Navin, Secretary, Blue Heights Colony Welfare Association, Manali.
- Draft a formal invitation inviting friends and relatives to your brother Kanak’s wedding on 12th December, 2018, with Mrinal, daughter of Mrs. and Mr. Malhotra. The venue is Akbar Garden, Bhimpur, Madhya Pradesh. (4 marks)
8. Answer any FOUR of the following questions. 3 marks each:
- Why did Derry insist on going back to Mr. Lamb’s garden, in spite of his mother’s refusal?
- Why does Dr. Sadao help the American soldier escape at the end?
- How did life change for good for the Bangladeshi refugees in Seemapuri?
- Why did Gandhiji say that he didn’t need Charles Freer Andrews to fight the indigo sharecropping cause?
- “All we have to fear is fear itself.” How did his rigorous attempts to learn swimming make Douglas understand the essential meaning of this statement?
- How was Edla Wilmansson different from her father, the Iron-master?
9. Long Questions – Any One. 6 marks
- Today Indian politicians and leaders visit peasants and villages for their vote but Gandhiji’s example teaches us something very different. Louis Ficher says, “his was not a loyalty to abstractions.” What does he mean by this?
- How does Kalki present the tiger king a satirical character?
10. Long Questions – Any One. 6 marks
11. Long Questions – Any One. 6 marks
12. Long Questions – Any One. 6 marks
- Teddy Henfrey was the first in Iping who noticed the staggering behavioral oddity of the guest at the Coach and Horses. What were his impressions of the invisible man?
- How did the guest react to the arrival of his luggage from the railway station? What followed his excited reactions?
13. Long Questions – Any One. 6 marks
- Curiosity killed two birds – Dr. Cuss and the guest. Elaborate.
- It was only after becoming invisible that Griffin realized how awkward and miserable being invisible is. Discuss. (6 Marks. 2 paragraphs. Consequences)