MOST COMMON ERRORS

ARTICLES

AN

  1. An American
  2. An elephant
  3. An intelligent man
  4. An orange
  5. An upper class berth
  6. An IAS
  7. An MLA
  8. An LLB
  9. An NGO

A

  1. A Boy
  2. A woman
  3. A child
  4. A European
  5. A useful book
  6. A university student

PRONOUN

ADJECTIVE

VERBS & TENSE

  1. English has become a global language.

ADVERBS

PREPOSITION

Speaking

Writing

CONJUNCTION

PASSIVE

REPORTED SPEECH

WORDS ERRORS

  1. A lot / A lots /Lots
  2. Separate / Seperate
  3. Career – A profession
  4. Carrier
    1. A car or any vehicle that can carry
    2. An arrangement on top of a scooter / bike / car to carry luggage.
  5. Society / Socity
  6. Sharing / Shearing
  7. Thief / Theif
  8. More and more / More
    1. Very easy,
  9. All over / Allover
  10. Overall / Over all, there are more reasons to
  11. Their will be less barriers / There will be less barriers > There
  12. It’s own / Its own
    1. Theirs, ours, his, hers
  13. Reaching to that age / Reaching that age
  14. A person who have / A person who has
  15. Overseas / Abroad / In abroad / to Overseas
  16. Other people / another people
  17. Double than / twice more than
  18. In everyday / Every day
  19. More better / Better
  20. One morning / One day morning
SENTENCE ERRORS
  1. Other languages would be disappear / Other languages would disappear
  2. They are the one who has spend / They are the ones who have spent
  3. The given diagram illustrates / The given diagram illustrate
  4. He can’t able to walk / He is not able to walk / He can’t walk
  5. Globalization is a more better choice than / Globalization is a better choice than
    1. More faster than / Faster than
    2. More intelligent than / Intelligenter than
  6. To consult the doctor / For consult the doctor
    1. To win, to gain, to eat, to support
    2. For winning, for gaining, for eating, for supporting
    3. By winning, by gaining, by eating, by supporting
    4. After winning, after gaining, after eating, after supporting
  7. Fastly we were moved to Mims Hospital / We moved to Mims Hospital in great hurry / We hurried to Mims Hospital

TAKE A NOTE

READ THESE RULES BEFORE YOU PROCEED TO WRITING TASKS.

The following words are followed by a comma when they are used for starting a sentence:

  • So,
  • Also
  • However,
  • Besides,
  • Overall,
  • In addition to that,

And the following words are GENERALLY not followed or preceded by comma:

  • Who “This is the patient who has requested home visit.”
  • Whose
  • Whom
  • That
  • Which
  • While

Use simple present for habitual actions:

  • Ms Alnet lives with her husband and two children.
  • Mr Joy is a social worker.

Use present Perfect for nursing management:

Use will for future actions

  • Ms Patient will have a review appointment with Dr Stenson
CORRECT FORMATS
  • All ages of people – People of all age groups
  • A man who eats a lot of vegetables
  • A man who is eating a lot of vegetables
  • A man eating a lot of vegetables
VERB FORMS – V1 VS V2 V3 VING

V1 of the first form of the verb or present form of the verb comes after the following words and group of words.

  1. To + V1
    1. “I like to go abroad.” “She likes to go abroad.” “They liked to go abroad.” “She will go abroad.”
  2. D + V1
    1. Do
      • “Do you live here?”
      • “The patient’s relatives do not have any communication with her.”
    2. Does
      • “Does he live here?”
      • “The patient does not tolerate heavy meals.”
    3. Did
      • “Did he live here?”
      • “Ms Alnet did not have any problem till Monday.”
  3. M + V1
    • Can “I can do it.” “Many youngsters can get educated.”
    • Could “The patient could not stand upright.”
    • May “The patient may get discharged today.”
    • Might “It was feared that the patient might die.”
    • Should .
    • Would
    • Must
  4. With future
    • It will help
    • She will eat
    • When our body feels tired, our mind also will feels tired.

Vs comes after:

  • He, she, it + Present Simple
    • “Ms Alnet lives in a rented house.”
    • “Mr Kapil works as a radiologist.”
    • “The patient needs to receive a packet of RBC immediately.

V2 or Simple Past (Completed actions)

  • With all actions that are completed on a time.
    • “Ms Emily drank three ounces of poison yesterday.”
    • Last year, the patient suffered from serious burning sensation in the throat.

V3 or Perfect tense:

  • Present Perfect – Have / has + V3 (Incomplete actions)
      • “She has requested to send a nurse to her home.”
  • Past Perfect – Had + V3

Ving – Continuous Tense

  • After:
    • For “She has come for treating her angina.”
    • By “We have managed to stop her bleeding by medicating.”
    • Before “The patient needs to undergo MRI before doing surgery.
    • Without
MORE RULES
  1. Do not begin any sentence with:
    1. But > However
    2. And > Besides
    3. Because – Because of
    4. Hence – As a result
  2. Do not end any sentence with
    1. Also
    2. Only
  3. Do not use the before:
    1. A group as a whole.
      1. “The Women are very careful in making plans.”
      2. “The Old people are always talkative.”
  4. Use “the” with:
    1. The poor
    2. The rich
    3. The public
    4. The Nile, the Thames, the Amazon
    5. The Indian Ocean, the Atlantic
    6. The Bible, the Quaran
    7. Same
    8. First, second, third…
    9. Last
    10. Fastest, sharpest, cutest, most important, most
  5. Every and Each are singular.
  6. No need of prepositions before:
    1. Today
    2. Yesterday
    3. Earlier
    4. Before
    5. Tomorrow
    6. Once, Twice a month
    7. Later
    8. After
    9. Worldwide
    10. Abroad
    11. Out of state
  7. Connectors that begin a sentence:
    1. Besides,
    2. However,
    3. Although
    4. Thus,
    5. So, (with comma)
    6. Also (with comma)
  8. Connectors that come in the middle
    1. hence (without comma)
    2. So (without comma)
PASSIVE VOICE

Passive voice is very important for IELTS ACADEMIC TASK 1 . Let’s see the rules here:

IRREGULAR PRESENT – PAST – PAST PARTICIPLE
  1. Telecast – telecast – telecast
  2. Bend – bent – bent
  3. Bet – betted – betted
  4. Catch – caught – caught
  5. Cost – cost – cost
  6. Creep – crept – crept
  7. Dig – dug – dug
  8. Cast – cast – cast
  9. Burn – burnt – burnt
  10. Fight – fought – fought
  11. Hang – hung – hung
  12. Hang – hanged – hanged
  13. Lead – led – led
  14. Read – read – read
  15. Lie – lay – lain
  16. Lay – laid – laid
  17. Light – lit – lit
  18. Lose – lost – lost
  19. Spread – spread – spread
  20. Cut – cut – Cut
  21. Set – set – set
  22. Shoot – shot – shot
  23. Split – split – split
  24. Spit – spat – spat
  25. Stick – stuck – stuck
  26. Weep – wept – wept
TENSE – SIMPLE PAST & PRESENT PERFECT. STARTING IN 5 MINUTES
  • Past tense and present perfect tense are very much similar.
    • The patient requested a wheelchair to be sent to his home. Simple Past
    • The patient has requested a wheelchair to be sent to his home. Present perfect.
  • Simple Past means “done and completed at a time.”
    • She went home in the evening. (Look at the time!)
    • He consumed poison on 31st April. (look at the time!)
  • Present Perfect means “action started but not yet completed.”
    • Remember, in present perfect there are 2 parts.
      • We have invited her to the party.
        • Part 1 – Inviting part
        • Part 2 – Her arrival at the party
      • The patient has commenced on aspirin.
        • Part 1 – Commencing, or, taking the first course of aspirin.
        • Part 2 – Completing the course.
SUPPLY SIMPLE PAST OR PRESENT PERFECT.
  1. The patient ……….. (succumb) to the injuries.
  2. Yesterday, Ms Patient ………. (complain) of extreme pain in the abdomen.
  3. The patient’s friend Amana ……… (agree) to pay the hospital bills.

SHORT ESSAYS

  1. What are the advantages of living in a society?
  2. What are the advantages of joint families?
  3. What are the disadvantages of learning and using a foreign language as local language?

SPEAKING TASKS

STEPS TO SPEAK EFFECTIVELY

  1. Have a clear idea about what you are going to speak.
  2. Make a well-laid plan.
  3. Make best choice.
  4. See what tense you will be using.
    1. Past “An event”
    2. Present “A current issue”
    3. Future “My plans for 2020”
  5. Does it have a combination of tenses.
    1. Past + Present
    2. Present + Future
    3. Past + Present + Future
  6. Do not “think back”. What is spoken is spoken!
SOME CUE CARDS
Describe your traveling to an unknown place all by yourself.
  1. Which was the place?
  2. When did you travel?
  3. Why were you travelling?
  4. How did you travel?
  5. What were your fears / excitements?
  6. Whom did you meet on the way?
  7. How did you feel on reaching?
  8. What are your reminiscences about that journey when you look back at it today?
Speak about a situation when you were falsely accused by your colleagues.
  1. Where and when did this happen?
  2. What was that situation?
  3. Why was it false and why did they do so?
  4. How did you react to this and how did they react to you?
  5. How did the tension freeze? What was its aftermath?
  6. How do you look at this incident now?
My first day in the office:

The first day in my career was a memorable day for me.After my post  graduation i got appointed as a medical social worker in a famous cancer hospital in Thalassery.On the first day i reached the hospital at 9.At that time some of the employees came there and started their work.after reaching there i felt some difficulty  to find the office with the help of one security man in front of the gate i found the office and he directed me to the proper destination.

Describe an animation film you watched recently.
  • Name the animation film.
    The animation film I recently watched is Jurassic Park.
  • Say something about the film.
    It is a well crafted film directed by Stephen Spielberg and crew.
  • What did you like?
  • What didn’t appeal to your aesthetic sense?
  • Which areas of the film could have been better made?
Describe a bad day in your life.
  1. What was that day?
  2. Why was it bad?
  3. Who was responsible for that?
  4. How did you get out of it?
  5.  
What all things will you do if this day is your last day on this planet?
If you were the prime minister of your country, what all changes will you make for betterment of your nation?
Which time is better – your childhood or the present time?
  1. Make a choice. You chose “Present time.”
  2. Why is present time better?
Speak about a train journey you have undertaken recently.
  1. Journeys
  2. Train journey
  3. At Thalassery station, a few passengers got in and a lady on my right got up and ran out.
  4. When the train reached Mahe, the next station, it was raining very heavily.
  5. At 8.45 the train reached Vadakara Station.
  6. We reached Koilandy station at 9.15. Here I opened my tiffin box and had my dinner. My mother had served me rice and chicken.
  7. When we reached Calicut Station, I was half asleep.
  8. What you liked
  9. What you disliked
  10. Any incident
What preparations will you do if the government warns against a month long natural disaster in your country?
  1. Name the natural disaster.
  2. Mention the preparations and why would you do such preparations?

TASK 1 REPORT & PROCESS

REPORT

Look at the time.

  1. Past – Was, were, had, did, went, increased, decreased, rocketed, plummeted, soared
  2. Present – Is, am, are, have, has, do, does, go/goes, increases, decreases, rockets, plummets, soares
  3. Future – Will, shall, will have will do, will go, will increase, will decrease, will rocket, will plummet, will soar

How to express growth / fall

  1. The same experienced a drop in the next two years.
  2. Unexpectedly the growth was thwarted by the unexpected rainfall

PROCESS

Present Passive

  1. The machine is then attached to the nozzle of the engine.
  2. The electric gauge is then detached.
  3. Another tube is then inserted.
  4. All the grains are grinded grounded ground into flour.

CORRECTED WRITING TASKS

LISBY 1

The graph illustrates the population rates in India and China from the year 2000 and the estimated growth in population till by 2050.

In 2000, the population rate in India was less when compared to that of China – that is around 1000 billions and 1250 billions respectively. The percentage of population in India escalated rapidly in the following years whereas in China there was only a slight increase. Currently, the population rates in both countries are almost equal which is around 1320 billions in India and 1400 billions in China.

By the year 2030, it is predicted that both India and China will share the same population rate of almost 1400 billions. In the future the population rate in India is expected to rise further and attain 1600 billions in 2050. However, in China the population rate will decline after 2030 and reach below 1400 billions in 2050.

Overall, even though in 2000, the population rate in China was high compared to that of India, it is expected that India will outweigh the rate after 2030 as the population growth in India is rapidly increasing.

LISBY 2

The diagram illustrates how wood pellets are made and used to heat buildings.

  • “Method of how” is not appropriate. Any other?
  • Information about how
  • No need of method and how.
  • Or, “The diagram illustrates the method of making wood pellets ….
  • Okay
  • Often we mix two kinds of sentences together.
  • Lisby, please be back after 10 minutes.
  • A little busy.
  • Don’t worry,
  • Write more tasks now.
  • It’s okay.
  • I will write. Please do now.
  • At the bottom.
  • Okay

Sawdust is collected from sawmills and it is sent to hammer mill. In it sawdust is hammered into many fibres which have equal length. These fibres are then dampened with steam. Dampened fibres are further allowed to pass forcefully through holes in a pellet machine which helps the fibres to form into pellets.

  • Let’s start here?
  • Yes
  • All good.
  • Next

These pellets are then allowed to cool for some time and the loose dust which is found on the surface of the pellets is vacuumed off. The clean pellets are packed into separate bags with 18 kgs of pellets in each – that is 40 pounds per bag. Bags are then supplied to stores for sale so that people can buy and use them  for heating their houses, offices and so on.

  • Dust are?
  • Is
  • No need to repeat “bags”
  • The same errors, Lisby!!!
  • Subject – Verb Agreement
  • Okay.. I will take care
  • Next
  • Okay

LISBY 3

The 3 pie charts illustrate the recycling of paper, plastics and glass in  Sydney, Melbourne and across the world.

Overall, paper is the main product which is recycled worldwide, which is 54%. However, in Sydney and Melbourne, plastics and glass are recycled more when compared to paper.

Recycling of glass is minimal in a global scale – that is only 15% while 24% of plastics are recycled. In contrast, 56% of glass is recycled in Melbourne and the product which is less recycled there is plastics.  They recycle 30% of paper products.

Similarly, in Sydney, almost equal amount of glass and plastics are recycled which are 38% and 40% respectively. In comparison with Sydney and global recycling, Melbourne recycles only a very less portion of paper which is 22%.

  • 6.8
  • Please take care of the same error.
  • I have to go out now.
  • I will be free by 10 PM. Will you be there?
  • Yes

LISBY 4

The bar chart illustrates information about the proportions of boys and girls who used internet at Redniid secondary school between 1995 and 2002.

Overall, the number of students used internet was considerably low in the initial years and when compared to girls, boys made use of it more.  However, as years passed , there was a tremendous increase in the usage of internet among both groups.

In 1995, only around 110 boyband 80 girls used internet whereas it increased steadily and after 2 years it doubled and numbers of boys and girls were approximately 240 and 220 respectively. It is remarkable that in 1998, girls outnumbered boys in the utilisation of internet which was around 280 boys and 290 girls used it.

In the next subsequent 3 years, the pattern of both categories using internet was almost same with slight rise and fall and in 2000, more than 300 students from both sexes used it. Finally, in the year 2002, the proportion of boys and girls used internet was almost equal, though there was a marginal increase among females- that is 320 boys and 330 girls used internet.

LISBY 5

The bar chart illustrates production and usage of electricity in 10 different countries in the year 2014. Units of electricity are measured in billion kWh.

Overall, the topmost country in production and consumption of electricity was China and then came the United states. It is remarkable that almost all countries used a slight less than or equal amount of electricity they produced except Germany where production exceeded consumption.

The amount of electricity produced by China was 5398 units and consumed almost completely which was 5322 units while the USA produced 4099 units of electricity and used 3866 units. Countries like Russia, Japan and India produced an average of 900 units where Russia consumed almost full while in Japan and India consumption was slightly low when compared to Russia.  Similarly, Canada produced 618.9 units and used only 499.9 units.

Eventhough France, Brazil and Germany had almost same production rate which was 561.2, 530.7 and 526.6 respectively, the former 2 used only less than their produced rate in contrast to Germany. Interestingly, Korea is the one who had least production an consumption among 10 countries.

LISBY 6

The charts illustrates  figures of passengers and amount of money they spend to buy tickets in a railway station every hour in a day.

Passenger numbers peak 3 times in a day which are 690, 700,and 680 at 8am, 12pm and 6pm respectively.  The average price of their tickets also escalated to 29$ at 8am and 31$ at 12pm. However, the ticket price is only 11$ at 6pm in contrast to other peak times.

There come almost an average of 465 passengers at 6 in the morning and evening and ticket prices are also approximately same. Similarly, the number of passengers arrive to train station around 10am and 10pm show same pattern with almost same ticket prices. The times in a day where less commuters reach the station are from 2pm to 4pm.

Overall, the ticket prices shows fluctuations depending on the number of passengers. They increase as the passengers rate rise except at 6pm.

Lisby 7

The maps illustrate the central area of a small town named Islip and the changes that are going to happen in the future.

Overall, major developments are going to happen in the northern part of the town center whereas there are only minimal changes in Southern region. Remarkably, central main roads will be converted to pedestrians only and dual carriageway will be opened at the outskirts around the town center.

SOFIA JOHN

Q: The bar shows the percentage of Australian men and women in different age groups who did regular physical activity in 2010.

The bar graph illuminates the regular physical activity of Australian men and women in 2010. The unit of different age groups has been  given in percentage.

  • 7

Generally, most of the Australian women did regular physical activity in their various age groups more than men. The Men did regular physical activity only in the age of 15-24 than women.

  • I added “more.”
  • Without more, there is no “than”.
  • No the for men, women, children, people, etc when they mean all men, all women, all children, etc.
  • only at the age between 15 and 24 than women.

The detailed analysis of the bar graph reveals that 52.8 percentage of men and 47.7 percentage of women did their regular physical activity at the age of 15-24. Apparently, the regular physical activity was reduced at the age between 25 and 34 that is 42.2 and 48.9 percentage of men and women respectively. At the age of 35-44 39.5% of men and 52.5% of women were engaged in their daily physical activities. Eventually, at the age group of 45-54 and 55-64 around 53.3% and 53% of women and 43.1% and 45.1% of men were did their regular physical activities respectively. However, at the age group of 65 and above nearby 46.7 percentage of men and 47.1 percentage of women did their regular activities. Among all age groups women were actively participated in their daily physical activities than men except the age group  15-24.

  • From 35 to 44
  • Be careful about “were” and “was
  • Sorry.  What happened from at the age of 35-44 ?
  • We don’t say “age of 35 to 40”
  • We say “age of 35” or “age of 40.”
  • Age in between we don’t say like that is it?
  • Yes
  • “People in the age group of 30 to 40…”People above 30…”
  • If I add age group means whether it’s okay?
  • Chettayi what score I get for this task one?

Some people believe that it is good to share as much information as possible in scientific research, business and the academic world. Others believe that some information is too important or too valuable to be shared freely. Discuss both views.

Para 1

  1. Knowledge is essential to humanity.
    1. Essential for
  2. It has been important to share each and every information about our scientific research, business, academic world and even a simple matters happen in our new technology driven world.
    1. It is important…
    2. A simple matter
    3. matter that happens
    4. Technology-driven
  3. I think sharing of new valuable and important knowledge helps us to update new ideas.
  4. Both sides of the argument will be discussed before the conclusion is reached.
    1. A conclusion

Para 2

  1. Nowadays, most of our scientific research is totally based on science and technology.
  2. Moreover, scientists update their new inventions on the internet and public is curious to learn about their updates.
  3. For instance, scientists find out new medicine for cancer.
  4. People can read out the information on the internet.
  5. Those who want such treatment, they try to follow the information given on the internet.
  6. In other words, business employers introduce their new products such as vehicles, clothes, modern laptops and smartphone, jewellery  and new machines through the help of the internet.
  7. Certainly, new educational methods

Biju John is an educational writer, educator and the author of OM - The Otherwise Men. He gives live classes on Skype and Facebook. You can attend his 3 Day Classes (English & Business Studies) in Delhi, Bangalore, Qatar and Dubai. His Contact number is 91 9810740061.

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