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India ranked 133rd, far behind terror-ravaged Pakistan and poorest-of-poor Nepal in the global list of the happiest countries, according to a United Nations report released on Wednesday. It slipped 11 places as it was placed 122nd last year, which was a drop from 118th rank the preceding year. It was behind the majority of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (Saarc) nations, apart from war-ravaged Afghanistan, that stood at 145. Among the eight Saarc nations, Pakistan was at 75th position, up five spots from last year. Nepal stood at 101, Bhutan at 97, Bangladesh at 115 while Sri Lanka was at 116. India’s other testy neighbor, China, was also far ahead at 86th spot.
Finland is the world’s happiest country, according to the report. It went up four places from last year to overtake Norway which was the number 1 in 2017. Great educational facilities and access to free healthcare services helped Finland to the top. Others in the top ten included Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Switzerland, Netherlands, Canada, New Zealand, Sweden and Australia. The US, meanwhile, dropped four places to 18th in the happiness index. While its per capita income is on the rise, happiness has been dented by weakening social support, and a perception of increasing government corruption. The Report ranked 156 countries according to things such as GDP per capita, social support, healthy life expectancy, social freedom, generosity and absence of corruption.
- What rank did India maintain among the world’s happiest countries?
- Which is the happiest country as per the happiness index?
- Name any neighboring country of India that is happier than India.
- Write the full form of Saarc.
- How did Finland achieve the first rank?
- Name the top ten countries in Happiness Index.
- What are the two causes why US dropped to the 18th rank?
If you are planning to write a story or a novel, the first thing you need to have is a good plot or story-line. Once the plot is ready, make a proper planning. The planning should be made in such a systematic way that it will help you move from one chapter to the next. If your planning is not properly done, you will come across chaos all the time. When I wrote my first novel, Otherwise Men, I had had a very hard time arranging and linking characters and incidents because I had not made a good planning.
- What is the first step to writing a story or novel? (1 mark)
- Why is planning very important before starting writing? (1 marks)
- Why had the writer have a hard time when he wrote his first novel? (1 mark)
- What is the author’s first novel?
- Find one word from the passage for the following: (1 mark)
- The overall arrangement in which a story progresses.
- Total disorder.
- In a proper arrangement
Tom Sawyer – Chapter 1
- Why was Aunt Polly angry with Tom?
- How did Sid find out that Tom had gone for swimming?
- Why did Tom pick up a fight with the new boy?
- What punishment did Aunt Polly plan for Tom on Saturday? Do you think that this punishment will make matters better? Why do you think so? (3 marks)
- Just like Aunt Polly, we cannot completely hate Tom. Discuss. (4 marks)
Nouns – Kinds
Nouns – Number & Gender
Pronouns – Personal Pronouns
- Sam is my very good friend. I like Sam not only because Sam is helpful but because Sam’s sister is my girlfriend.
- Ram and Raghav were two brothers. One day Ram told Raghav that Ram and Raghav should go to Patna to find jobs to make money for Ram and Raghav’s sister’s treatment.
- I don’t like this government. This government is dividing …….. friend Rahim and ……. because ……… belong to two religions.
- We should not believe all the information posted on social media because ……… are mostly untrue, made up and misleading.
- You should wash …….. clothes and prepare …… food whenever ……. mom or dad asks ……… to do so.
Pronouns – Possessive Pronouns | mine, ours, yours, theirs, hers, his, its
- This umbrella is not mine. Is it ………. ?
- …….. is the oldest car, Dad. We should buy a new one.
- These poor jokes are …….. . Only she cracks such jokes.
- ……. is a new model car. I like to take it for long drives.
- All his friends understand his language but doesn’t understand …….. .
Pronouns – Interrogative Pronouns
- …….. is your ideal teacher?
- ……. was his last wish?
- …….. shall we find Mr. Ro?
- ……. will you trust, after all?
- …….. is your car?
Possessive Adjective Vs Possessive Pronouns
- Their car is new.
- My father works in Lebanon.
- This new car is ours.
- Ours is the oldest car.
- Possessive adjective
- Possessive adjective
- Possessive pronoun
- Possessive pronoun
Pronouns – Reflexive Pronouns
- She and her friends baked this cake ………… .
- Sam, you can fill these columns ……….. .
- I will not ask him for money ………….. .
- One out of three dogs barked at the stranger ………. .
- One of my phones exploded ……….. .
- Demand for vegetables shot up ……….. .
Subject & Predicate
- Come out of the temple.
Sentences – Negative Sentences
Sentences – Convert to Positive
- I can’t wait any more.
- They never say thanks.
- She hardly refused my pleas (requests).
- Don’t speak rubbish.
Sentences – Convert to Negative
- The pot is empty.
- The Principal will be on leave tomorrow.
- She fell down from a tall tree.
- After three hours, the horse woke up.
- It is very easy to make tea.
- Ravi listened very carefully.
- The thief and his mother refused to appear at the court.
- At 9 AM, the king woke up to the sounds of rumbling pots.
Sentences – Declarative Sentences
Convert to declarative/statements.
- Why did Kattappa kill Amarendra Bahubali?
- Why did Shivakaami take Mahendra Bahubali from Mahishmati?
- Was it right that Shivakaami ordered Kattappa to kill her son?
- Do you think Kattappa was a great war hero?
Sentences – Imperative Sentences
Convert to imperative sentences (please or no please)
- You are requested to park your car elsewhere.
- You are ordered to submit your work in a day’s time.
Sentences – Exclamatory Sentences
- Ouch! – Sudden pain
- Bah! – Dismissive
- Yuck – Disgust
Amazement / Excitement
Sentences – Interrogative Sentences
Convert the sentences into interrogatives using do, does or did:
- They love to plant more trees.
- She waters her plants every evening?
- Roy and his wife educate people to plant more trees.
- Meenu forgot to tell you something.
- Peter and his brothers lost the match.
- Our mother made a new meal for us.
- Our neighbors bought an old car.
- My car broke down.
- I told my friends about my newly planted trees.
- She irritated her husband.
Oliver Finds a Home
- Why is the chapter titled Oliver Finds a Home? (2 marks)
- How is a child’s asking questions different from adults’? (2 marks)
Articles – A, an, the, no article
- If you wish to become …. doctor or …. engineer, you have to be ….. extra hardworking student right from ….. beginning. You should love ….. maths and science.
Tense – Simple Present
- Ennie is a little girl. She …. (a. live/lives) with her grandparents on Temple Road, New York City. Every morning she …. (b. wake/wakes) up at dawn, …. (c. milk/milks) her white cow. Once milking is done, she ….. (d. run/runs) to the houses of half a dozen neighbors to ….. (e. deliver/delivers) milk.
- One morning, she was going to deliver milk at house number 45 when she saw a strange looking creature. “Does it ….. (a. rain/rains) here in the morning?” the creature asked, stroking its golden beard. “It ….. (b. do/does),” said she. “What if it …… (c. rain/rains) here or not? Who are you?”
(Begin – Bite – Break – Bring – Choose – Come – Do – Drive – Eat – Fall – Cut – Fly – Go – Know – Hide – Finish – Solve – Ride – Ring – See – Speak – Steal – Take – Throw – Write)
- I have …….. the glass.
- Have you …… the rest of this apple?
- The bird has …….. away.
- Mary has not …….. a word since the morning.
- If I have ……. that you had love me, I would not have hurt you like that.
- Who has …….. this dirty dog inside the restaurant?
- No one could have …….. this sum. It is very difficult.
- It was not Mia who has ……. this bicycle.
- Look, you are bleeding. Have you …….. your finger.
- The golden bird has ……. itself in the bush.
Countable OR Uncountable?
- This water is not drinkable.
- There are some boys waiting for the teacher.
- I have exhausted my patience.
- She will take a day to count this money.
- Good night!
List of Uncountable Nouns
Milk, water, advice, chaos, motivation, rice, wheat, sand, furniture, hair, transportation, sunshine, snow, rain, weather, sleep, stress, childhood, motherhood, happiness, anger, enthusiasm, courage, oxygen, air, etc.
Adjectives > Abstract Nouns
- I am proud of your …….. (brave).
- You have to control your …….. (angry)
- …….. (true) will set you free!
- I have suffered enough ……. (poor) throughout my childhood.
- …….. (beautiful) doesn’t mean the color of one’s skin.
- The flag fluttered at a great …… (high).
- You cannot scale the ……… (wide) of this land.
- If you are known for …….. (honest), you will be rewarded.
- The enemy will defeat you if you show her your …….. (fearful)
- I have great trust in …….. (educate).
Sentences & Types
Say what kind of sentences the following are:
- How can I help you, Sir?
- God! We are all ruined!
- Which book is the best seller?
- I am happy that you have finally come.
- Get out of my way. I am busy.
- This electric line is very dangerous. Do not go near.
- Describe a garden that you are going to make.
- Recently you watched a movie from a newly opened cinema-hall in the city. You were greatly impressed by the state-of-the-art experience. The hall has a number of features like 4K display, 3D mode, AC, comfortable and spacious chairs and sofas for families, food court and service personnel. Describe these features along with a couple of others in your own words.
- Using the following words, describe an underground tunnel.
Dark – Cavernous – pitch-black – endless – mysterious – ghostly – lonely – silent – suffocating – stinking – musty – slippery – rocky – narrow.
- It was a very dark
- Paragraph Writing
- Write a paragraph on “how can I keep my surroundings clean.” (Answer at the bottom)
Rhino Land – My Smartphone is not Very Smart – Crusoe Finds a Friend
How far is the river? – Simple Past, Past Continuous or Past Perfect – Comparison of Adjectives – Letter Writing (Informal) – Reading Section
- She ….(a)….. (walk) home one evening, with a heavy bag on her shoulder. She had to cross a river. Suddenly she ….(b)….. (remember) her father ….(c)….. (remind) her the other day about a young boy who ….(d)….. (drown) three weeks ago. She ….(e)….. (slow) her pace out of fear and ….(f)….. (reach) the bank of the river by seven. The countryside ….(g)….. (has/had) already ….(h)….. (turn) dark and the shrill of the river ….(i)….. (pierce) her ears.
- Yesterday was a wonderful day. Raju, Ishan, Rafeeq and I ….(a)…. (play) cricket in the field behind Mona’s house. I ….(b)…. (bat) and Rafeeq …..(c)….(bowl). In the second over I ….(d)…. (hit) the ball to the rice field of Mr. Juan. Unfortunately, the ball ….(e)…. (fall) upon Mr. Juan’s old car. Mr. Juan’s wife …..(f)….. (watch) this. She ….(g)…. (shout) that the ball …..(h)….. (break) the windshield but we were all sure that the windshield …..(i)….. (break) a month ago while Mr. Juan’s son …..(j)….. (play) with his friends.
Comparison of Adjectives
- This is ……. (difficult) …… that.
- Future tense is ……….. (easy) of all the three tenses.
- None of his speeches was ………. (powerful) this one.
- Abel offered ……… (good) of his fruits and cattle to God.
- ………. (much) of the water supplied is wasted.
- Write a letter to your old neighbor Chillz John, 12/AA, Maulana Abdul Road, Shimla – 33 about a river in the middle of the forest that you recently visited alone. Describe your journey, the people you met on the way and the beauty of the river.
Anti-pollution technology is receiving a breath of fresh air in China. On September 29, Dutch artist Daan Roosegaarde and his team erected a seven-meter-tall air purifier in Beijing. The so-called Smog Free Tower purportedly treats 30,000 cubic meters of air per hour, collecting more than 75% of two kinds of pollutants, PM2.5 and PM10, that contribute to smog. The massive structure has its roots in a Kickstarter campaign that raised €113,153 ($127,000) in August 2015. It appeared first in Rotterdam last year before making its way east. With the support from China’s Ministry of Environmental Protection, the structure will travel to three additional cities in the country after its stint in Beijing.
The Smog Free Tower does more than suck up pollution. It also turns particulate matter (PM) into jewelry by compressing 1,000 cubic meters of polluted air into rings, which visitors can purchase. China has some of the worst air pollution in the world. Last year, Beijing recorded PM2.5 levels that were 17 times greater than the limit recommended by the World Health Organization. Researchers estimate that pollution causes 1.6 million deaths annually in China, marking about 17% of all deaths. Roosegaarde isn’t the only person to think up unconventional solutions to China’s smog problem. Over the past two years, officials and activists have experimented with smog vacuums, smog cannons, and smog-killing drones.
- Who designed the purifier tower in Beijing?
- Why is China initiating air purifiers like the Smog Free Towers?
- What else does the Smog Free Tower do than purifying the air?
- What does pollution contribute to China’s health hazards?
- How has China been fighting its rising pollution in the recent years?