Social Science 8

6.8 Human Resources

People are a nation’s greatest resource. Nature’s gifts becomes important only when people find it useful. It is people with their demands and abilities that turn them into ‘resources’. Hence, human resource is the ultimate resource. Healthy, educated and motivated people develop resources as per their requirements. Human resources like other resources are not equally […]

5.8 Industries

Questions & Answers What is an industry? Give examples for the three basic kinds of industries. Industry refers to an economic activity that is concerned with production of goods, extraction of minerals or the provision of services. Iron and steel industry is an example for production of goods, coal mining industry is an example for […]

8.8 Confronting Marginalization

Introduction How are the Fundamental Rights important as far as the marginalised people of India are concerned? By insisting on their Fundamental Rights, they have forced the government to recognise the injustice done to them. They have insisted that the government enforce these laws. How did the struggles of the marginalized help the government? In […]

7.8 Understanding Marginalization

Who are Adivasis? Adivasis are communities that lived, and often continue to live, in close association with forests. There are over 500 different Adivasi groups in India. Adivasis are not a homogeneous (single group) population. Around 8 per cent of India’s population is Adivasi. Where are adivasis mostly found in India? Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, […]

4.8 – Agriculture

Primary, secondary & Tertiary Activities What are the three economic activities used to transform a plant to a finished product? Primary activities, Secondary activities Tertiary activities. What are primary activities? What are some examples? Primary activities include all those connected with extraction and production of natural resources. Agriculture, fishing and gathering are good examples. What […]

5.8 Judiciary

What is the role of Judiciary? Courts take decisions on a very large number of issues. They can decide that no teacher can beat a student, or about the sharing of river waters between states, or they can punish people for particular crimes. Broadly speaking, the work that the judiciary does can be divided into […]
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