Board Exams 2017-18


Welcome to Board Exams 2017-18. Remember, this page is professionally written by teachers who have deep and professional knowledge in the subjects.

  • Visit this page regularly to get updated.
  • Read, Learn & Complete each day’s Assignments.
  • You can trust each word.

Before you Read further:

  • The secret of scoring lies not only in content but also in the way you present the paper.
  • Just like you lose all marks in maths for any error in the steps of performing a sum, you lose marks in English as well.
  • Remember, language teachers are sensitive people. They cut marks for grammar errors, punctuation errors and spelling errors.
  • The only way to score 95% plus marks in English is to have the precision, clarity and good-look.

Step 1 – The Art of Learning

How do you learn your lessons? Here are some best methods below.

  1. Self Study
  2. School & Tutoring
  3. Guides & Online Learning

If you are reading this page, certainly you belong to the 3rd Group, i.e., you prefer learning from Guides, both HardGuides and SoftGuides.

Make notes yourselves

  • Always remember, if you make your own notes of the subjects, you will have least exam pressure.
  • The notes given by your subject teacher or tutor are all professional but the precision of your own notes is the best.
  • Parents, listen

Get Perfect Notes

  • A major mistake most of you commit is learning the wrong guide. Fortunately for you, most guides available in the market today are really decent. They have great content.
  • However, if you learn from your teacher’s note, there is an unnoticed danger – when you copy the teacher’s note to your notebook or when you photocopy your friends’ notes, there ARE serious errors.

The best you can do is:

  • Never photocopy someone’s incorrect notes.
  • Ask your tutor/educated parents about the credibility of the note you wish to photocopy.

Understand rather than Rote learning

If you are an expert in rote-learning, well, you are lucky in almost every other subject but not is languages. For languages such as English, you need to have the following skills:

  • Understanding of the poem/story/play.
  • Creativity to write letters, articles, speeches, debates, etc.
  • Decent vocabulary.
  • Good and quick reading-understanding skills.

So do not trust your rote learning tactics any more. Start learning in one of the many ways mentioned above.

Step 2 – The Art of Answering

Once learning is done, here comes the examination. Although we live in the computer era, we still have to write our exams. Days are not far off when exams will be typed in but there is a little wait for that. Now, let’s look at the various aspects of writing an exam.

  • Remember that you have to please the examiner/checker.
  • The examiner being a human being, please his/her aesthetic sentiments.
  • Lay maximum stress of appeal – handwriting, zero cutting, zero over-writing, etc.

5 Star Answer

We have a very special way to prepare you write 5-Star answers. If you can score all the five stars, you can score a minimum of 95% marks in your exams. The following constitute the 5 stars.

  1. The HEAD and TAIL : The circumstance, format and ending. Example Question – Why did M Hamel blame himself in the last class? Example Answer – M. Hamel had been an elementary school teacher in Alsace for forty years. Although he was a disciplinarian, he shrieked from his duty by declaring a day off for the school whenever he thought of going for fishing. Besides, he made his students water his plants.
  2. Content : Rich with textual ideas Example Question – Why did M Hamel blame himself in the last class? Example Answer – M. Hamel had been an elementary school teacher in Alsace for forty years. Although he was a disciplinarian, he shrieked from his duty by declaring a day off for the school whenever he thought of going for fishing. Besides, he made his students water his plants.
  3. Grammar : Tense Mix, “didn’t went,” etc Example Question – Why did M Hamel blame himself in the last class? Example Answer – M. Hamel had been an elementary school teacher in Alsace for forty years. Although he is a disciplinarian, he shriek from his duty by declaring a day off for the school whenever he think of going for fishing. Besides, he made his students watered his plants.
  4. Order : First thing first Example Question – Why did M Hamel blame himself in the last class? Example Answer – Although he was a disciplinarian, he shrieked from his duty by declaring a day off for the school whenever he thought of going for fishing. M. Hamel had been an elementary school teacher in Alsace for forty years. Besides, he made his students water his plants.
  5. Appearance : Handwriting, cutting, spacing, etc.
  6. Simplicity Scores High
    1. Never believe that ‘out-of-the-box’ vocabulary can impress the teacher. It is nothing but myth. Teachers love simple answers with words that best describe.
    2. In a letter of complaint, “I honestly do not intend to knock the doors of law courts” is more relevant but “I will sue you in the court” is absolutely out of the span of decency.
    3. Follow the prescribed format.
    4. As always, handwriting gives you the 5th icon-star-1
  7. Brevity
    1. Do not write as if your answer cannot end. Why to waste time?
    2. Note well, you should know the word-limits. Never write a 200-word answer for a 150-word answer.
    3. Stop before you knew that!

Don’ts & Dos

  • Start with your literature section or writing section. Class XII students have reported having gone through a hell of an exam this year (2015) because they had started from the Reading section and spent and lost almost half of the 3 hour exam-time.
  • Do not write highly impressive language for literature section. Write the same words used in the text.
  • Do not use the same words in poetry. Write a simpler term for each poetic term.
  • While writing the exam, do not hurry. Please! It is like rash driving – it hurts. Write a little slow so that your handwriting will be legible.
  • Do not commit a lot of cuttings and correction. In case a cutting is unavoidable, do it this way.
  • Beware of your e, r, s and k. Most of you write small e as i, r also as i, s as o and k as R. What is the point if your teacher reads your their as ‘thiii’ or ‘theiu.’
  • Know the difference between their and there. “There is their car” or “their car is there.”
  • And listen, “Gandhiji told her father! Mind it, it is his father.

While you write

  • If you are good at scoring good in reading section, begin with it. If not, begin with the Literature Section.
  • Remember that teachers like to give you a lot of marks if your paper is:
    • Cut-free : Cut gently
    • Error-free : Stress on grammar.
    • Neat & Clean : Stress on handwriting
    • Space : Leave a line between two answers
    • Shuffling the numbers : Do not shuffle the answer numbers. 1, 2, 3, 4… You can shuffle the sections : Literature, Writing, Reading

How to Answer

  1. Do not correct/over-write/cut any words. If you committed just one or two errors, ignore them.
  2. If the error is very serious, strike it with a single line.
  3. Each answer should have relevant value points. No irrelevant info.
  4. Leave one line between two answers.
  5. Follow ABC or ABCD pattern.

FCCS Vs 123 Patterns

  1. For writing sections, you can follow FCCS or 123 Patterns.
  2. FCCS stands for Facts – Causes – Consequences – Solutions. This pattern is ideal for articles, speech, debates and letters to editor
    1. Facts – The nature of a crisis. Data, survey, stats, etc.
    2. Causes – Causes that contribute to a crisis. Poverty, over population, superstitions, corruptions, etc.
    3. Consequences – Effects of a crisis on society, environment, etc. Deforestation, global warming, crimes, etc.
    4. Solutions – How this crisis can be solved. Governments, schools, families, etc.
  3. 123 Represents 1st, 2nd and 3rd Paragraphs. This patterns most suits all the business letters such as letter of enquiry, reply to enquiry, letter placing order and letter of complaint.
    1. 1 – Introduction – About your, your company, etc.
    2. 2 – Content/Columns – Your queries, your replies, your order details, your complaints
    3. 3 – Conclusion – How you like to make payments, how fast you like the process done, etc.

How to prepare for the Board Exams

  • Start today, if you have not yet started. You may think there is a lot of time but there is in fact lesser time than you imagine.
  • As for all the subjects, English also need to be started early so that you can cover up comfortably.
  • Teachers are the best to learn from. If you cannot for some reason, we are here to help you. You learn from our English and Psychology teachers:
    1. On Skype
    2. At our Institutes at Shalimarbagh (Delhi), Doha (Qatar) and Dubai
    3. In groups of 5 to 10 that you form at your residences
  • If you are comfortable with paper-guides, buy standard guides.
  • If you need a personal tutor get one earlier because by the mid-year, tutors will be as rarely found as politicians are!

12 Golden Rules for English Exam

  1. Start attempting the Literature section. Move to the Writing Section. Conclude with the Reading Section.
  2. Do NOT read the passages/articles of the reading section even during the 15 minutes of extra time at the start of the exam. Why? The reading passages being very long, they may drain your confidence.
  3. Do not shuffle the sequence of the questions of each section. Your numbering must be 1, 2, 3, 4. etc. although you can shuffle the sections.
  4. Do not write any information that are not found in the given text unless the question is a value-based or HOTS type.
  5. Do not use heavy vocabulary. Write as many textual words as possible.
  6. In 90% cases, avoid Ist and IInd Person pronouns. You should prefer mostly IIIrd person pronouns.
    1. Ist Person & II Person Pronouns – I, my, me, you, your, we, our and us. (Ist & IInd Persons)
    2. IIIrd person pronouns are ‘he, his, him, she, her, it.
  7. Do not use any word if you are NOT sure of its spelling.
  8. Do not mix tense. If the question is in past, your answer must be past. Similarly, if the question is in present tense, your answer must be in present tense.
  9. Observe strict grammar, especially their and there, a and an.
  10. Write the before any nameless character of any story/poem/play.
    1. Incorrect – The Edla Wilmanson…
    2. Correct – The peddler…
  11. Do not write any abstract statements.
    1. Incorrect – “Seeing another parson inside the cell struck his bells…”
    2. Correct – “Seeing another parson inside the cell gave Stephens alarms…”
  12. Take care of punctuation and indentation.
    1. Leave reasonable space between two words
    2. Leave a line gap between two answers

5 Steps to Write your Answers

  1. Read each question most carefully.
    1. Example: “Why had Mukesh’s embarrassment not turned into regret when Anees Jung asked him if he dreamed of flying airplanes? (3 marks)”
  2. Ask yourself – “Do I know the answer?”
    1. Yes – This is from the chapter, Lost Spring. Mukesh is that boy from Firozabad. Bangle maker. Wants to become a motor mechanic. He was embarrassed on being asked if he wanted to fly air planes.
    2. No – I don’t know why his embarrassment had not turned into regret. (What to do?)
  3. If your answer is “yes,” gather all the relevant information.
    1. Mukesh had been set upon becoming a motor mechanic.
    2. Flying an airplane was not accessible to him. He felt this question of the narrator a little embarrassing.
    3. His embarrassment didn’t turn into regret because he had already made a step out of his miserable life as a bangle maker oppressed by middlemen and politicians. He can be proud of his decision to become a motor mechanic so there is no need to REGRET.
  4. Ask these additional questions:
    1. Is my answer correct?
    2. Is any of the content incorrect?
    3. Did I miss out something?
  5. Start writing the answer.
    1. Use only textual words. Do not write poetic/stylish/incorrect words.

5 key words to boost up your style

  1. However
  2. In spite of / besides
  3. In addition to this
  4. On the contrary / on the other hand
  5. Finally

6 Steps to Prepare notes

  1. First Reading (5 minutes) – Read the passage/article/essay and understand.
  2. Second Reading (5 minutes) – In the area where you write rough notes, pencil down the first notes
  3. Third Reading (3 minutes) – Add more points or remove.
  4. Write final notes from the rough notes (3 minutes)
  5. Write the Abbreviations (1 minute)
  6. Write summary (3 minutes)

Total time – 5 + 5 + 3 + 3 + 1 + 3 = 20 minutes

24 Errors Committed by Board 2016-17 students!

  1. Using multiple tenses. (He requested Gandhiji to visit Champaran. Gandhiji is unwilling to undertake such a task in a place unknown to him but finally he agreed.)
  2. ‘People now a days‘ for People nowadays
  3. Principle for Principal
  4. ‘Towards peddler’ for towards the peddler
  5. Forgetting the last t of thought and brought and bought
  6. Writing bought for brought and brought for bought
  7. Using foots/feets for feet, sheeps for sheep
  8. Beginning a sentence with a small letter. (…no more his master. from this understand…)
  9. Beginning a sentence with but or and. (the crofter’s hospitality. But the next morning…)
  10. Than for then and then for than
  11. Not writing an apostrophe (…in a persons mind for in a person’s mind)
  12. Listend for listened and intrested for interested)
  13. He got invisible for he became invisible or he turned invisible
  14. Mens, mans, womans, womens, childs, childrens, etc for men, women and children.
  15. Using a for an and an for a. “He informed Dr. Kemp that he was a invisible man..”
  16. Incomplete clauses : “When Griffin reached Dr. Kemp’s home by chance.” (Where is the complete sentence?)
  17. The placing of ‘ between n and t as in ca’nt, do’nt, does’nt, etc
  18. Not using the does for of verbs for singular.
    1. Griffin do not regret – Griffin does not regret.
  19. Dr. Sadao asked her wife to wash the American. (Ohoye! Dr. Sadao was a man!)
  20. Your’s Truely is incorrect. Instead, write Yours truly.
  21. The poet ask’s her mother… (What was that apostrophe for?)
  22. She does not goes into the room instead of she does not go.
  23. One of the reasons is correct. Not one of the reason.
  24. There is their house! Note that there and their are different. Their car, their house, their opinion, etc. There is a car, there is a new opinion and there is my house.

More Tips

A little disappointed over your pre-board marks in English? Carefully read the following guidelines and instructions and get ready to take a new way for the further journey.

  1. Reading Prose and Poem
    1. You may not have read the questions first.
    2. You may not have underlined all the difficult words in the text.
    3. You may not have copied the lines. It is advised that you do a word by word copying for the reading section.
  2. In note making:
    1. You must have copied the same lines for writing summary.
    2. You must have written more than 6 abbreviations.
    3. You must have used more than six words in each line.
  3. In writing:
    1. You must have over-driven writing formats.
    2. You must have followed a wrong date format such as “12-03-04” (Notices, letters)
    3. You must have used I, my, me, we, our, you, yours, etc. (Articles, notices, ads, invitations, official letters)
    4. You may not have asked questions in speech. There should be minimum 5 questions asked to the audience.
    5. You may have not included a chart in a letter placing order.
  4. Literature
    1. Concepts are not clear.
    2. You must have misinterpreted chapters and characters.
    3. You may not have included value points. Copying the exact textbook vocabulary is very important.

6 Myths about Board Exams

  1. One cannot score 100% in English. It is not so.
  2. Board papers are checked by inexperienced teachers. It is not so.
  3. All that matters is how much you write. No, but how well you write matters.
  4. Appearance is not very important. Keep on writing. No. Appearance is very important.
  5. Teachers do not cut/reduce marks for grammar errors. They don’t but their impression falls.
  6. Student can impress the teacher with complicated, difficult, unusual vocabulary. No way! That will do more bad than good.

Best Practices

  • Learn stories from the character-plot point of view. Bit/Bits on this site will help you.
  • Learn poems from the vocabulary point of view. Each word is to be learnt.
  • Learn drama by repeated reading. You should know who said, who heard and what was meant.
  • Learn writing sections from two points of view:
    • Format. You lose a mark for a format error!
    • language. Each composition has a unique style of language – mostly formal.
  • Do not mug-up from guides. You can, if you have no other choice.


  1. Master all the lessons and formats before September-October
  2. Read answers from guides but do not learn them by heart.
  3. After having made a study of how to write answers, start writing answers yourselves.
  4. Get your answers checked by your tutors or other experts.

Someone I know scored 95+ in the previous Board Exam; how can I too?

  • English is sure to score doesn’t mean marks will come in search of you.
  • You need deep knowledge of the books, you should have a strong grammar and writing skills.
  • If you think of learning the lessons a week before the exam, that will be a little disastrous. Prepare now!
  • Practice as many reading, note-making and writing as possible. You need to practice 10 times before you went to write the exam.

The Exam Day

Results – Expect for the Worst; no harm meant!

Revaluation and Compartmental Exams

  • Unfortunately, not all students pass in all the examinations and this is a common thing. Don’t ask “why only I?” because it is not only you. Thousands of students fail every year. And remember, if your culture considers a failure in an exam to be a failure in life, it is your culture that has failed.
  • As per available information, you can get your answer-papers re-checked. Cost per paper is around Rs. 300. You can get this done by contacting your school office.
  • As for Compartmental Exams, you have to contact the school office for information. The exam is usually held a month or so after the declaration of results. There is no change of syllabus and the paper will be comparatively easy.

Ways to get Ready

  1. Learn your lessons – writing, note-making, chapters – from the site. This alone assures 80% marks at the lowest.
  2. Attend our 30 Hour Classes at our Centers at Gurgaon, Shalimar Bagh, Pitampura (New) and Pratap Nagar (New) in North Delhi and Green Park in South Delhi. Fee 10,000
  3. Form a GROUP of 10 at your homes and have one of our experts called in to cover the entire course in a day. (Only in Delhi, Chennai, Bangalore and Mumbai. Fee Rs. 5000/Student)
  4. For Students in Dubai and Doha, get registered to attend our One Day Study Classes to be held in December and January. This Study Class covers the complete Class XII CBSE English (Core and Elective Separately. Entry Fee Rs. 13500 or $200)

Biju John is an educational writer, educator and the author of OM - The Otherwise Men. He gives live classes on Skype and Facebook. You can attend his 3 Day Classes (English & Business Studies) in Delhi, Bangalore, Qatar and Dubai. His Contact number is 91 9810740061.

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