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    Havoc – Disorder; chaos

    • The news of the blasts and the havoc it caused spread fear in the school.
    • The good king was killed and there started an atmosphere of havoc.

    Must See | List of words already in this sequel

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    Breeding ground – A place or situation where something can grow and multiply

    • It is unfortunate that some great countries of the past have become breeding-grounds for terrorism.
    • The boys flooded their underground room because it had become a breeding-ground of mice.

    Regale – EntertainDelight; fascinate; treat

    • The performers regaled the audience for hours and left.
    • Mr. Tony threw a surprise party and treated everyone with a sumptuous (splendid/ostentatious/expensive) regale.

    Ostentatious /ˌɒstɛnˈteɪʃəs/ Showy; flashy; pretentious; conspicuous; flamboyant; gaudy

    • Shiela dresses more ostentatiously than everyone else in the office although she is not very rich.
    • Why do you look very ostentatious today?

    Lynch /linch/ An angry mob’s (crowd’s) act of killing someone for an alleged (rumored) crime without any legal trial.

    • The violent mob entered Akhlaq’s house and lynched him upon the claim that he and his family ate food that they believed was cow-meat.
    • Lynchers will not be spared, says the Prime Minister.

    Must See | List of words already in this sequel

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    Bite off more than you can chew – Be greedy; take up a task that is too difficult for you

    • Do not bite off more than you can chew – you will have a hard time.
    • When Ankit decided to start a factory, everyone said that he was biting off more than he could chew!

    Must See | Check out all the idioms previously here

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    NEWS 12 11 2015
    We have Choked the Nation yet another Time

    NEW DELHI: Air pollution levels on Wednesday didn’t reflect the concerns/worries of the firecracker sellers by any measure/amount and boys have got a wonderful time burning the dreadful/frightening explosives in front of the gorgeously/beautifully clad/dressed girls and becoming heroes in front of them. Air quality deteriorated/fell/became worse drastically/extremely breaching/violating a law all safety standards/measures by several times indicating that Delhi government and Centre’s anti-cracker/against-cracker messaging didn’t translate to practice/didn’t work.

    By 11 pm, levels of coarse/harsh pollution particles/dust peaked/rose very high to more than ten times the safe standard for 24 hours in almost all parts of the city. While these were the peak levels and they are usually not compared with ambient/surrounding air standards, experts said the peaks reflect how poor the air really became and the havoc/disorder/chaos crackers can play.

    NEWS 10. 11. 2015

    Pakistan on the way to be Polio-Free

    Peshawar, Pakistan: Pakistan may be declared a ‘non-endemic/a disease found only in particular areas country for polio virus’ by next year, a Unicef/United Nations’s International Children’s Emergency Fund health official said on Monday citing/referring to over 85 per cent reduction/cut in recorded polio cases in 2015, especially in the country’s restive/unable to remain calm tribal areas. Pakistan, which along with Afghanistan remains the only place where the crippling/disabling disease is still rife/widespread, registered only 36 polio cases so far this year, as compared to 306 cases recorded last year. Year 2014 is considered by health experts as the darkest year for Pakistan polio eradication/removal program/programme.

    NEWS 05.11. 2015
    • Kerala showing the way again – Strike Prohibition Bill.
      The government of Kerala will introduce the Hartal Prohibition Bill which offers punishment up to six months or a fine of Rs 10,000 for those who forcefully make shopkeepers shut their shops and establishments, hinder/block the movement of vehicles and those who block the people from entering offices during hartals/strikes. There will be similar punishment for those who obstruct/hinder the functioning/working of the hospitals, petrol pumps, medical stores and health clinics. This new step aims that no political party will be allowed to call for a hartal at short-notice/without long warning. At least three days prior intimation/prior information should be given to the people by the political parties through media about the hartal. 
    • Good news but will it work?
    • Blocking all your friend on facebook is not very difficult but what about blocking Mark Zuckerberg? You can’t! Why? Because Mark happens to be the owner of Facebook.
    • We need some sacrifices to let India breathe! One man – one wife! Bye bye to Polygamy!
      The Gujrat High Court termed/called the practice of plygomy/marrying more than one wife a “heinously/badly patriarchal/male-dominated” act. The court recommended an amendment/change of law saying that in this day and age, the practice of polygamy is often driven by selfish/thinking of oneself, not of others motives. “On the basis of modern progressive thinking, India must shun/avoid the practice (of polygamy) and establish a uniform civil code/law,” said Justice JB Pardiwala, while adjudicating/hearing a petition on a petition/complaint by a Muslim man who faced bigamy/offence of marrying a second wife charges after marrying for a second time without his first wife’s consent.
    NEWS 31.10.2015
    • Folk singer seeking liquor/arrested ban held for sedition/acting against a government. Tamilnadu, India. Kovan, a man working against the state’s liquor/alcohol policies has been arrested for composing/writing and singing songs that criticize/point out mistakes the government. Social media unhappy. Liquor is a bane/curse.
    • Intellectuals intolerant/narrow-minded, says RSS. Maharashtra, India. RSS/a group of people who do not encourage too much modernization of India has said that it condemned/disapproved scientists, historians and writers for their returning of awards. RSS says that it is these people who are intolerant. Ironically/opposite to what is said or happened, RSS spokesmen said that there is no such a crisis as ‘intolerence’ in India. Well, there is!
    • Esther Anuhya’s rapist gets death penalty – Mumbai, India, Chandrabhan Sanap, the man who raped and murdered TCS software engineer Esther Anuhya in Mumbai early last year has been sentenced to death by a special court in Mumbai on Friday. Death is the right punishment to a rapists. Is not?
    • Tiger population has increased, says Minister
    • ‘Idea box’ to tap young innovators
    • Ratnapuri residents vent their ire/express their anger over death of man in police custody
    NEWS 30.10.2015

    Nobel laureate Kailash Satyarthi said that rising intolerance is a threat to India’s health. He recommends the need to discuss the issue so that the Government can understand what people think and want. 

    Adding to the great initiative made by writers and scientists across the nations, a group of filmmakers returned their national awards in their protest against the ‘rising intolerance’ in the country.

The Ailing Planet – Nani Palkhiwala

We study hard so that we get a good, ground-breaking degree. We secure a job with a degree certificate and earn $10,000 per month. We marry the best models in the locality and have children - one, two, three, four, or whatever. And then? We send them to the best schools, train them to get a better degree, say robotics or Space Engineering. What next? Sure that they will have enough oxygen to breathe and water to drink and fire to cook?

Hi, Reader

This article is one of the best I have ever read. Read it carefully.


More than ever the planet earth is losing its vitality and freshness. Due to human development activities throughout the globe the earth has become highly polluted, highly irreparable and highly damaged. We have taken out petroleum, coal and a lot of natural resources from the earth. We have removed more than half of world’s vegetation and emitted large quantity of carbon and a lot of other chemicals. We have destroyed marine life and made rivers dry. Moreover our greed for more and more wealth resulted in depleting the protective ozone layer and invited all harmful rays to the earth’s surface. Besides, we have brought out a great imbalance between humans and the other species of the earth.

Human beings are the only ones who attend schools yet they are the only ones who have learnt nothing to save the earth!


  • The earth is an ailing, dying planet.
  • Human development process brought the planet to the verge of dying.
  • Human beings are the most dangerous animals among the millions of other specie.
  • We have been exploiting this planet recklessly by building cities, by clearing forests and by a number of other activities including mining.
  • We have caused the depletion of the four major resources – forests, grasslands, crop lands and fisheries.
    • Fisheries collapse – Over fishing
    • Forest disappears – For firewood for cooking; with the arrival of the humans marks end of forests and the appearance of deserts; we are losing 1.5 acres/second
    • Grasslands are converted to barren wasteland
    • Crop land deteriorate.
  • For long we hadn’t been aware of our responsibilities to the planet’s health but the Green Movement marked the beginning.
  • The Green Movement corrected some of our incorrect judgment in connection with our understanding of the planet.
  • We are not the owners of this planet. We are not the bosses but partners in survival.
  • We should understand that it is our duty to leave the earth serene. We don’t own the planet, not an acre land; we live in a rented planet and therefore have no rights to construction or destruction.
  • Population control is the foremost remedy.
  • It is time for the most populated countries in the world – India the “worst example,” are we giving birth to more people or more burden?
    • It claims that forests are to be preserved but deforestation thrives here without any control.
    • India loses 3.7 million acres of forests every year. May be more?
    • In India there are “reserved forests” but most of these forests are virtually treeless.
Meaning of some important terms
  • Inter alia – Among the other things
  • Decimate – Destroy; kill; wipe out
  • Patrimony – Valuables inherited from one’s father
  • Endeavor – Attempt
  • Anguish – Pain
  • Bounded labor – Forced labour
  • Catastrophic – Dangerous
  • Sustainable development – Development without hampering the resources meant for the coming generation
  • Holistic view of the earth – Placing the earth’s welfare in the first place
Meaning of some expressions
  • What goes under the pot now costs more than what goes inside it – The cost of firewood, electricity and gas to cook food is more than the cost of food materials.


  1. Why is the earth said to be an ailing planet?
    Due to the insensitive exploitation by humans for his survival and development, the earth has lost almost all its vital resources. With drying rivers, depleted and polluted environment and deteriorated forests and greenery, the earth is now breathing hard for its survival and thus it is an ailing planet.
  2. What is the significance of Green Movement in the modern world?
    The Green Movement that was found in New Zealand in the year 1972 brought a great awareness to the humanity. It taught us that we are just partners on the earth having equal rights to inhabit this planet as any other living organism has. Having learnt this, human beings worldwide stopped large amount of destruction that it used cause upon the earth. People realized that the earth’s existence was threatened and began to do whatever was possible by each individual and each nation.
  3. What did the most dangerous animal on the earth learn in the recent time?
    The most dangerous animal, man, has learnt in the recent years a new lesson – that he is not the master of the planet but just one among the rest of the animals and trees, plants and insects, who should live like a partner in survival, the safeguard, trustee of the earth.
  4. What was the question raised by the First Brandt Commission? What does it suggest? What is the significance of this question?
    The first Brandt Report raised the question, “Are we going to leave behind for our successors a scorched planet of advancing deserts, impoverished landscapes and ailing planet?” This question finds an answer in our minds but we quite conveniently forgets this answer. It has been proved in the recent years that the earth is becoming hotter planet every year and another ice-age is under way. This question is still significant and will remain significant until the only schooled animal of the earth stops his war against the planet.
  5. “What goes under the pot now costs more than what goes inside it.” Explain. 
    With a growing population and the pace of the global developments taking wings, the cost of food touched a new height, all time high. Amazingly, the cost of cooking-gas overtook that of food-grains, fish, meat and vegetables, thus the fuel to cook – gas, firewood and electricity – now costs more than the raw-food.
  6. Why is it said that forest precedes mankind?
    No animal on the planet earth ever caused damage to it but humans have been causing serious destruction upon the earth ever since he had evolved. By cutting down trees for his survival and development humans have established their monopoly over the other species. Thus, with the coming of humans, the existence of forest was threatened.
  7. What did Lester Brown mean when he said that we have not inherited this earth from our forefathers, we have borrowed it from our children?
    Lester Brown believes that the present population of the earth has no right to think that the earth is its property. Each one has to believe that he is having full responsibility to keep the earth protected from all kinds of misuse. He has to feel that the earth is place that he has to return to the generations to come. Brown further furnishes that human beings have no right to misuse the earth because we are accountable to the new generations after us.
  8. How is human population explosion the biggest threat to the existence of the ailing earth?
    Human population is the biggest threat to the existence of the earth. Though it reached a billion in a million years, another billion was added to the world population in just another hundred years. Every four or five days the world population increases by one million. The effects of this dangerous increase in world population are endless yet the most catastrophic one is our present struggle for existence.
  9. What does the empty cage and the board in the zoo in Luzaka mean?
    In a zoo in Luzaka there is a mirror kept in one of the cages that is said to be the cage of the most dangerous animal in the world. The visitor sees his own face in the mirror and realizes that he is that most dangerous animal. The message is that human beings have won the infamous other than that of a zoo animal. The board message conveyed is a warning to the most dangerous animal to come in terms with the earth.
  10. What was the question raised by first Brandt Commission?
    The first Brandt Commission raised a very serious question to the humanity regarding its obligations to the ailing planet. It asked if we are to leave our successors a scorched planet of advancing deserts, impoverished landscapes and ailing environment.

For more questions, click on the ANALYSIS TABS above!!

  1. What are the four principal biological systems? How are they the foundation of the global economic system?
    The four principal biological systems of the earth are fisheries, forests, grasslands and croplands. In addition to supplying our food, these four systems provide virtually all the raw materials for industry except minerals and petroleum-derived synthetics.
  2. Why is tropical forest called the powerhouse of evolution?
    It is in the heart of the tropical forests where newer plants and animals evolve to more adaptable forms.
  3. How is population responsible for the environment degradation?
    With rising population, space that nature assigned for forests and animals. More population means less forests and animals. Unfortunately man’s first choice is nature and it is sadly vulnerable and an easy prey. When cities and mega-cities occupy the major portion of the earth, the ecological balance is said to be lost.
  4. What does more children mean to the poor section of people of India?
    Poverty is directly caused by illiteracy and lack of education. The illiterate and uninformed poor people of India believe that more children is more income. In fact more children means more responsibility and more poverty and an unhealthy family and individual.
  5. What does Mr. Edgar S Woolard mean by assuming the post of his company’s Chief Environment Officer?
    Mr. Edgar S Woolard, chairman of DuPont, an international manufacturer, by co-assuming the post of the company’s Chief Environmental Officer (CEO), stands a model for the owners and chairpersons of all the industries worldwide. He implies that the chief motive of an industry is to preserve the stability and life of the earth and profit comes next.
  6. Margaret Thatcher says, “No generation has a freehold on this earth. All we have is a life tenancy – with full repairing lease.” How is this statement significant today?
    Everyone says, “it is my land” and “that is your land.” People fight for other territories and encroach the neighbor’s land. It is here what British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher’s observation gains importance. We are not supposed to occupy the earth considering that the planet belongs to us and that we can exploit the planet any way we like. We, on the contrary, have to extract the resources so careful that the generation that comes after us will have a better land and sea, a less dense forest, cleaner water and clearer sky.
  7. What are our ethical obligation to the ailing planet?
    Human beings have the greatest obligation to the earth to safeguard this planet from all advancing deterioration and keeping it safe so that it can be handed over to the coming generations to inhabit here peacefully and in the midst of abundance.
  8. How do you explain the concept of sustainable development?
    Sustainable development is the kind development activities that meet the needs of the present, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. This kind of development is expected to be undertaken without stripping the natural world of resources that the future generations would need.
  9. How do fisheries, forests, grasslands and croplands form the foundation of global economic system?
    A majority of the world population depends on sea food for their survival while forests provide firewood, raw materials for production and timber for construction. Grasslands are the destination of cattle and herds of animals and without them, domestic and wild animals, the global economic system cannot survive. Each one is depending on the other while it help the other to survive. There are nations, except the gulf countries that depend on petroleum, that solely depend on forests and fisheries and croplands for trade and sustenance.
  10. Is Indian constitution capable of safeguarding its forests?
    So far, with all the measures adopted, the government has not been able to safeguard its forests effectively. India’s constitution is ostentatiously rich and effective but when it comes to enforcement, it miserably fails or it is not entirely successful.
  11. Discuss a way how students can partake in saving the ailing planet. 
    Online learning is a widely accepted concept in the twenty first century among students and teachers. By learning from credible and authentic websites, students say goodbye to papers and save large number of trees. Roughly 20 Million trees are cut every year for making paper pulp therefore Online learning to a great extend saves trees. In the last ten years, so many web based Learning Management Systems (LMS) have made their presence felt and they have considerably replaced traditional paper guides. Thus, by taking to online learning and eBooks, students can partake in the great endeavor to save the dying earth.

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