English in 10 Days

Word Level

I think we should begin with subjects. Subjects are either Nouns or Pronouns. Look at the two sentences below:

  1. Sam sold his cycle. (Who sold the cycle? Sam)
  2. Sam is an intelligent boy. (What do you say about Sam? Sam is intelligent)

Conclusion

  • In sentence 1, we see what Sam did. What did Sam do? Sam sold his cycle.
  • In sentence 2, we don’t see what Sam did. All that we see is what kind of a boy Sam is.

Examine the following sentences

  1. The cat played with the rat. (Who played with the cat? The cat)
  2. The cat is very playful. (What do you say about the cat? It is playful)
Mostly, nouns and pronouns are subjects.
Nouns 
  • Amit, Roy, Harry…
  • Delhi, New York, Paris…
  • Phone, camera, pen, tree, sky, star, earth, sea…
  • English, doctor, advocate, school, court…
  • Man, woman, baby, child
  • Cat, Lion, Tiger, elephant
  • Computer, internet, website, facebook, whatsapp…
Pronouns
  • I, we, you, they, he, she, it
Say/underline the subjects
  1. Mohit runs very fast. (Who runs? Mohit)
  2. Sarita lives here. (Who? Sarita)
  3. One of my cousins is a lawyer. (Who?)
  4. Amit, my cousin’s best friend and guide, is going abroad.
  5. A cow ate all my grass. (Who/what? A cow)
  6. My pet Dorly went missing. (Who/what?)
  7. Sunday is my holiday. (What is my holiday? Sunday)
  8. My cycle is lost. (What? Cycle)
  9. My phone began to ring. (What? My phone)
  10. Time and tide waits for none.
  11. Why do you cry?
  12. When will this plane take off?
  13. How did you arrest the thief?
  14. I don’t know where Rex lives.
Subjects – Singular or Plural

Understanding if the subject is singular or plural is very important. Singular means just one while plural is more than one.

Common Singular – Plural Forms
  1. This – These
  2. That – Those
  3. I – We
  4. You You
  5. He – They
  6. She – They
  7. It – They
  8. Is/am – are
  9. Was – Were
  10. Has – Have
  11. Box/match – Boxes/matches
  12. Man – Men
  13. Woman – Women
  14. Sheep – Sheep
  15. Child – Children
  16. Fish – Fish/fishes
  17. Lady/baby – Ladies/babies
  18. Father-in-law – Fathers-in-law
  19. Maid-servant – Maid-servants
Singular Subjects or Plural Subjects
  1. My cousins are abroad. (Pl)
  2. One of my pencils is lost. (Sn)
  3. The price of vegetables has fallen. (Sn)
  4. Ladies are talking about him. (Pl)
  5. Children are dying for this movie. (Pl)
  6. I caught three fishes. (Sn)
  7. Three fishes chased a tortoise. (Pl)
  8. Boys are playing football. (Pl)
  9. We are shifting to South Carolina. (Pl)
  10. Men are digging for gold. (Pl
Subject + Do/Does

Before we attempt the following questions, let’s study the following chart.

  • I – We
  • You – You
  • HeThey
  • SheThey
  • ItThey

What do we study from the chart above?

  • The black is I
  • Green is plural.
  • Blue is singular as well as plural
  • Red is Singular.

Now fill in the blanks with do or does. Remember, Does is only for He, She and It. (He also include all male names; She also include all female names and It includes names of all things.

  1. He ___ (do/does) not understand Hindi. (He is singular so S form)
  2. Mohan ___ (sing/sings) well. (Mohan is he, he is singular so S form)
  3. India ___ (think/thinks) it is a fast growing country.
  4. Meenu ___ (smile/smiles) very sweetly.
  5. Khan ____ (believe/believes) that Allah is not the only God.
  6. This movie ____ (make/makes) sense.
  7. These men ___ (is/are) very hardworking.
  8. Rahim ___ (run/runs) a stationery shop.
  9. Rahim’s parents ____ (work/works) for him.
  10. This shop ___ (sell/sells) the best mangoes.
  11. ____ (D0/does) you speak English?
  12. ____ (D0/does) Harry smoke?
  13. ____ (D0/does) your sister sing well?
  14. ____ (D0/does) this tree shed its leaves during autumn?
  15. ____ (D0/does) it mean you are willing?
  16. ____ (D0/does) Ravi help his mother?
  17. How much ____ (do/does) this drink cost?
  18. How ____ (do/does) Ram make such beautiful kites?
  19. How ____ (do/does) kites fly?
  20. When ____ (do/does) she wake up?
  21. Why ____ (do/does) Amit fear his father?
  22. Whom ____ (do/does) you want to meet?
Answers
  1. He does not understand Hindi.
  2. Mohan sings well.
  3. India thinks it is a fast growing country.
  4. Meenu smiles very sweetly.
  5. Khan believes that Allah is not the only God.
  6. This movie makes sense.
  7. These men are very hardworking.
  8. Rahim runs a stationery shop.
  9. Rahim’s parents work for him.
  10. This shop sells the best mangoes.
  11. Do you speak English?
  12. Does Harry smoke?
  13. Does your sister sing well?
  14. Does this tree shed its leaves during autumn?
  15. Does it mean you are willing?
  16. Does Ravi help his mother?
  17. How much does this drink cost?
  18. How does Ram make such beautiful kites?
  19. How do kites fly?
  20. When does she wake up?
  21. Why does Amit fear his father?
  22. Whom do you want to meet?

Singular – Plural

First 1 word
  1. Her mother is ill.
    • Their mother is old.
  2. Its handle is broken.
    • Their handle is broken.
  3. I know your name.
    • We know your name.
  4. His cycle is new.
    • Their cycle is new.
  5. His teacher is American.
    • Their teacher are American.
  6. My computer is old.
    • Our computer is old.
First 2 Words
  1. I am very poor.
    • We are very poor.
  2. She is happy with me.
    • They are happy with me.
  3. He is a hardworking man.
    • They are hardworking men.
  4. I am not in hurry.
    • We are not hurry.
First 3 words
  1. Her brother is in the army.
    • Their brothers are in the army.
  2. His car is lost.
    1. Their cars are lost.
  3. My son is very brave.
    1. Our sons are very brave.
  4. My uncle is a coward.
    1. Our uncles are cowards.
  5. His mark is very low.
    1. Their marks are very low.
First 4 words
  1. My car’s key is lost.
    1. Our cars’ keys are lost.
  2. Her mother’s sister is a nun.
    1. Their mothers’ sisters are nuns.
  3. My book’s cover is torn.
    1. Our books’ covers are torn.
  4. She has a wonderful book.
    1. They have some wonderful books.
  5. My tutor’s son is my classmate.
    1. Our tutors’ sons are my classmates.
More

First 1 word – Samples

  1. Her mother is ill.
    Their mother is old.
  2. Its handle is broken.
    Their handle is broken.
  3. I know your name.
    We know your name.
  4. His cycle is new.
    Their cycle is new.
  5. His teacher is American.
    Their teacher are American.
  6. My computer is old.
    Our computer is old.
First 1 word – Questions
  1. My daughter is a doctor.
  2. His car is black.
  3. Her brothers are abroad.
  4. My pets are only dogs.
  5. Its teeth are sharp.

First 2 Words

  1. I am very poor.
    We are very poor.
  2. She is happy with me.
    They are happy with me.
  3. I am not in hurry.
    We are not hurry.
First 2 words – Questions
  1. He has so many skills.
  2. She has fear of water.
  3. It has a big kennel.
  4. I am not your enemy.
  5. She is my best friend.

First 3 words

  1. Her brother is in the army.
    Their brothers are in the army.
  2. His car is lost.
    Their cars are lost.
  3. My son is very brave.
    Our sons are very brave.
  4. My uncle is a coward.
    Our uncles are cowards.
  5. His mark is very low.
    Their marks are very low.
  6. She has a wonderful book.
    They have some wonderful books.
  7. He is a hardworking man.
    They are hardworking men.
First 2 words – Questions
  1. My daughter is a doctor.
  2. His car is black.
  3. Her brothers are abroad.
  4. My pets are only dogs.
  5. Its teeth are sharp.

First 4 words

  1. My car’s key is lost.
    Our cars’ keys are lost.
  2. Her mother’s sister is a nun.
    Their mothers’ sisters are nuns.
  3. My book’s cover is torn.
    Our books’ covers are torn.
  4. My tutor’s son is my classmate.
    Our tutors’ sons are my classmates.

Sentence Level

Kinds of Sentences | Assertive/interrogative/imperative/exclamatory
  1. Why are you weeping like a deer? (It is a question – Interrogative Sentence)
  2. Alas! Our team has lost the toss! (It is a strong emotion – Exclamatory Sentence)
  3. Go straight and move left at the corner next to the Diary. (It is an order – Imperative Sentence)
  4. May I come in? (It is a request – Imperative Sentence)
  5. Do not let your ego win every time. (It is also an order – Imperative Sentence)
  6. I think you have another reason to week. (It is a statement – Assertive Sentence)
  7. What if we have lost the toss? (It is another question – Interrogative Sentence)
  8. Yes, you may come. ((It is a very gentle order – Imperative Sentence)
  9. Why not? (Look hard, it is not a question – It is another Exclamatory Sentence)
  10. I will make sure, Sir. (It is a statement – Assertive Sentence)

Sentence Transformation

Convert to Questions | Being Verbs (Being verbs do not have an action verb. Here no one does an action)
  1. This is not a very neat job | Is this not a very neat job?
  2. Miss Menon is an Ambassador | Is Miss Menon an ambassador?
  3. My uncle is a doctor | Is my uncle a doctor?
  4. They are very good people.
  5. Kiran is my secretary.
Convert to Questions | Having verbs (Having verbs also do not do an action. They indicate what the subject has)
  1. She has a puppy that speaks German | Has she a puppy that speaks German? OR Does she have a puppy that speaks German?
  2. They have so many cars | Have they so many cars? OR Do they have so many cars?
  3. It has a golden leg | Has it a golden leg? OR Does it have a golden leg?
  4. She has many friends.
  5. My father had a Bentley A5 car.
Convert to Questions | Doing verbs (Only Doing verbs do any action)
Do/Does/Did
  1. We live in a palace | Do we live in a palace?
  2. Mohan helps me | Does Mohan help me?
  3. She sleeps only at night | Does she sleep only at night?
  4. They work very hard | Do they work very hard?
  5. She plays with fire | Does she play with fire?
  6. My dad sells computers | Does my dad sell computers?
  7. This website provides quality answers.
  8. Sahib picks rags.
  9. At five in the morning, we woke (Did….?)
  10. Two of our friends immigrated to Australia.
Have/has
  1. I have worked very hard.
  2. She has asked me very difficult questions.
  3. This company had dismissed all its employees.
Convert to Negative | Exercise
  1. They say it is very easy to drive a train.
  2. She helps all the poor children in the neighborhood.
  3. It rains here very heavily.
  4. She has been suffering for a year.
  5. We heard the bad news.
  6. The manager dismissed Miss Ranjini.
  7. Three of us drowned in the river.
  8. We have invited several people.
  9. Khan sleeps on the floor.
  10. It pained me.
Transform to Questions – Be Family (Is, am, are, was, were, will, shall)
  1. It is Ravi’s new car.
    Is it Ravi’s new car?
  2. She is Mohan’s new friend.
    Is she Mohan’s new friend?
  3. We are safe from the tsunami.
    Are we safe from the Tsunami?
  4. We are happy to meet you.
    Are we happy to meet you?
  5. They are not very rich.
    Are they not very rich?
Transform to Questions – H Family – Have, has, had
  1. She has invited me to her wedding
    Has she invited me to her wedding?
  2. They have bought a new house.
    Have they bought a new house?
  3. Ram and Sam have built this bridge.
    Have Ram and Sam built this bridge?
  4. He has married again!
    Has he married again?
  5. Australia has won the match.
    Has Australia won the match?
Transform to Questions – Modals – Can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, must, need, ought to
  1. She can help you in this matter.
    Can she help you in this matter?
Transform to Questions – D Family – Do, does, Did
  1. Martin knows more than Sam knows. (Martin does + know more than Sam knows)
    Does Martin know more Sam knows?
  2. He lives alone. (He does + live alone)
    Does he live alone?
  3. They run a poultry farm. (They do + live alone)
    Do they run a poultry farm?
Transform into Negative Sentences
  1. He believes in God and Ghost.
    He doesn’t believe in God and Ghost.
  2. There is some milk in the jar.
    There is no milk in the jar.
  3. Either of my friends met with an accident.
    Neither of my friends met with an accident.
Transform the following sentences as if they have been reported by A to B.
  1. Ram said, “This machine is the best in my shop, sir.”
    Ram informed the customer that that machine was the best in his shop.
  2. Peter said, “I can’t believe that I have passed.”
    Peter told that he could not believe he had passed.

Convert to Negative – 01

  1. She is very much fond of animals.
  2. There are several trees on both sides of the road.
  3. Mohan was feeling sorry for his cousin.
  4. It is the best place to build your house.
  5. I am not in favor of your opinion.
  6. She is the only one who has passed the test.
  7. I will be late if it rains.

Convert to Negative – 02

  1. I know your name.
  2. We teach each other.
  3. They sell rotten mangoes for cheaper price.
  4. Maria plays well.
  5. Arjun snores very loudly.
  6. The team hopes to win this time.
  7. Three men and three women live on the top-floor.
  8. It rains here very heavily.
  9. The lion roars at the deer.
  10. Some teachers teach without text books.

Convert to Positive – 01

  1. I do not wish to study today.
  2. They do not own a car.
  3. She does not agree with my proposed idea.
  4. He does not live here.
  5. Ram does not drink enough water.
  6. We do not have the right to torture anyone.
  7. She does not take care of her aged mother.
  8. Sam and Gouri do not live together any more.
  9. The English teacher does not know what metaphor is.
  10. My cousin Peter does not know how to reverse a car.

Convert to Positive – 02

  1. She did not understand the lecture.
  2. We did not eat anything.
  3. He did not mind my anger.
  4. They did not listen to the professor.
  5. The twins did not love each other.
  6. Shakespeare did not write any novel.
  7. Maya did not cook well.
  8. I did not know that your name was Abel.
  9. God did not love me.
  10. My parents did not eat for a week.

Convert to Questions – 01

  1. She is very much fond of animals.
  2. There are several trees on both sides of the road.
  3. Mohan was feeling sorry for his cousin.
  4. They are not going to help any of you.
  5. It is not a very difficult job.
  6. I am not sure about his coming.
  7. It is the best place to build your house.
  8. I am not in favor of your opinion.
  9. She is the only one who has passed the test.
  10. I will be late if it rains.

Convert to Questions – 02

  1. I do not wish to study today.
  2. They do not own a car.
  3. She does not agree with my proposed idea.
  4. He does not live here.
  5. Ram does not drink enough water.
  6. We do not have the right to torture anyone.
  7. She does not take care of her aged mother.
  8. Sam and Gouri do not live together any more.
  9. The English teacher does not know what metaphor is.
  10. My cousin Peter does not know how to reverse a car.

Convert to Questions – 03

  1. She did not understand the lecture.
  2. We did not eat anything.
  3. He did not mind my anger.
  4. They did not listen to the professor.
  5. The twins did not love each other.
  6. Shakespeare did not write any novel.
  7. Maya did not cook well.
  8. I did not know that your name was Abel.
  9. God did not love me.
  10. My parents did not eat for a week.

Convert to Questions – 04

  1. I know your name.
  2. We teach each other.
  3. They sell rotten mangoes for cheaper price.
  4. Maria plays well.
  5. Arjun snores very loudly.
  6. The team hopes to win this time.
  7. Three men and three women live on the top-floor.
  8. It rains here very heavily.
  9. The lion roars at the deer.
  10. Some teachers teach without text books.

Paragraph Level

Unseen Passages | Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow:

The old Romans had an eight-day week, with the market-day falling every eight days. It was called a nundinum or ‘nine-day’, because it was the ancient practice to count both the first and the last day. The old Roman year had 304 days divided into 10 months, beginning with March. The extra months Ianuarius and Februarius had been invented as stop-gaps. Julius Caesar realized that the system had become inoperable, so he effected drastic changes in the year of his third consulship. The New Year in 709 AUC began on 1 January and ran over 365 days until 31 December. Further adjustments were made under Augustus, who introduced the concept of the “leap year” in AD 4. The resultant Julian calendar remained in almost universal use in Europe until 1582.

  1. How many days did the old Roman calendar have in a week?
  2. How many days and months did the old Roman calendar have?
  3. Why did Julius Caesar decide to bring about a drastic change in the old calendar?
  4. Who introduced the concept of ‘leap year?’
  5. Find words that have similar meaning as:
    1. As a result of,
    2. That cannot function.

Dialogue Completion

Amrita : Hey, Peter, what’s wrong with you. You have been absenting from school since Monday!
Peter : (a) ……………………………….
Amrita : But you don’t look a bit ill. Everyone says that ………………………
Peter : Never! I haven’t even met Mary for a month now. How can anyone say that?
Amrita : ……………………………………?
Peter : I had to go to the book-fair because I needed some books and there was no one at home to buy me books.
Amrita : I can understand that but ……………………………?
Peter : I will be back on Monday.

Story Completion

  1. Sam was in the tunnel in search of the golden squirrel that he saw entering the tunnel an hour ago. It was a small creature, smaller than ___ but very charming. It was very dark inside and his flashlight ___ the way. The farther he went inside, Sam found it ___ to breathe. He saw it was risky to ___ farther. He didn’t want to die ____ but he wanted to see the ___ once more, and if possible, get it for his cage. How can there be golden squirrels, Sam ____ but he could not get an ____. Maybe this is a magic tunnel! This thought thrilled him ___ but in the next moment he stopped altogether – what if there is a wizard, an old man, or a witch, as ___ in comics and cartoons? Or a monster? The last thought stopped him altogether and Sam ran back to the entrance of the tunnel.

Informal Letter

  1. Write a letter to your friend Sneha, inviting her to attend your little brother Arshan’s second birthday this Monday. You are Arshita, 3/F, Model Town, Delhi.

Diary Entry

  1. You are Mrs. Hall. After admitting the visitor at your inn, you feel that you should not have let a total stranger stay at your inn. Write a diary entry describing the man, his appearance, his unusual behavior, etc.

Degrees of Adjectives

  1. They saw a large bear in the cage. (Convert to Superlative Degree)
  2. She is the smartest girl in her class. (Write with ‘smarter than’ without changing meaning)
  3. Only I can lift the heaviest bag in the pile. (Begin with “Not everyone can…)
  4. Do you know the man whose height is more than all the others in the village? (Superlative Degree)
  5. This is the tunnel that is longer than all the others in the country. (Convert to superlative)

Adverbs

  1. She talked to her teacher. (Place the adverb ‘constantly’ in the right place)
  2. They are building a house for their eldest son. (Place the adverb ‘hurriedly’ in the right place)
  3. The boat was hit by a gigantic wave. (Place the adverb ‘harshly’ in the right place)
  4. The dog barked at everyone all the night. (Place the adverb ‘angrily’ in the right place)
  5. How can you sleep when the house is on fire? (Place the adverb ‘peacefully’ in the right place)

Articles

  1. There is ___ one-eyed lion and ___ elephant in the cage.
  2. They built ___ largest ship in the world.
  3. ___ more you worry about your exams, ___ less you study.
  4. Our neighbors are curious people – Ms. Jancie is ___ European, Mr. Tom is ___ American and Huan is ___ Japanese.
  5. She studied in ___ USA for several years and then went to work in ___ UK and now she is in ___ UAE, working as ___ engineer.

Prepositions

  1. What do you do ___ weekends? (at/on)
  2. We are going for a film ___ Monday. (at/on)
  3. She has not been to Canada ___ several months. (Since/for)
  4. She will reach the station ___ half past eleven. (choose the incorrect preposition – at/by/on/before/after)
  5. I am fed up ___ Maria. (with/of)

Conjunctions | Insert a correct conjunction

  1. She went out without an umbrella ___ it was raining.
  2. All the Indians may think a change is impossible ___ I can’t think so.
  3. For three hours we searched for the diamond ___ we could not find it.
  4. ___ I got up late, I missed the tram.
  5. I failed again ___ all my hard-work.

Tenses

  1. I should not have ___ (help) Saddam.
  2. On every Monday we ___ (visit) our grandparents who live on Temple Road.
  3. The moon ___ (shine) at night.
  4. Does Ram ___ (live/lives) alone?
  5. Did she ___ (admit/admitted) her mistake?

Fill in the blanks with Present Simple or Present Continuous forms:
Permitted V forms – V1, Vs, Ving + is, am, are

  1. She __ with the babies. Do not make a sound for God’s sake! (sleep)
  2. It __ here all the year round so we do not cultivate rice and wheat here. (rain)
  3. The moon and earth __ round the sun. (move)
  4. There is no better friend who __ with you when you are in trouble. (stand)
  5. The child __ whenever it hears my dog bark. (cry)
  6. Do you know Mr. Peter who __ on the hilltop? (live)
  7. I can hardly believe that you __. (smoke)
  8. They __ to build a new temple next to the school. (plan)
  9. My uncles and aunts __ at the railway station in a few minutes. (arrive)
  10. Haven’t I told you that my mother __. (Cook)

Fill in the blanks with Past Simple or Past Continuous forms:
Permitted V forms – V2, Ving + was, were

  1. The poachers __ trees when the forest guards arrived there. (cut)
  2. It was my brother Mike who first __ the elephant entering our village gate. (spot)
  3. If you think it was my father who __ the pit, you can ask him to fill it. (dig)
  4. Three officers and their dogs __ in while we sat playing cards. (break)
  5. It was __ very heavily, so we stayed home for the evening. (Rain)
  6. She __ her husband whenever he stayed home on a holiday. (Scold)
  7. Three years ago, while living in London, Mebbin __ potato chips for a living. (sell)
  8. I am sorry if my remarks __ your feelings. (hurt)
  9. Someone __ the light out for fear of an explosion in the colony. (put)
  10. The television company __ a new serial for aged women. (broadcast)

Fill in the blanks with Future Simple or Future Continuous forms:
Permitted V forms – V1, Ving + will, shall

  1. If you don’t wake up now, you __ the train. (miss)
  2. I can give you my life if you __ with me forever. (stay)
  3. There is no time to dawdle around the marketplace as it __ soon. (rain)
  4. The old man said that he __ the city. (will burn/would burn)
  5. In three days, the UFO __ in our village. (land)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate forms of the verbs in brackets

Set 1

  1. Hey, Sam, what ___ there, last night, between eight and nine? (you do)
  2. Anita, if I was not dreaming, I ___ you driving in Mike’s car. (See)
  3. If I ___ a bird, I would fly to America. (Was/were/had been)
  4. At three in the afternoon, they ___ the wall. (Paint)
  5. I didn’t see that he ___ in. (Come)
  6. Hadn’t I taught you that sandwiches could be tasteless if they ___ longer. (Cook)
  7. She didn’t ___ the ring. (Enter)
  8. I was reading Shallot Piker’s new novel when the real Shallot Piker ___ on my door. (Knock)
  9. The thief was entering the password when he ___ footsteps behind him. (Hear)
  10. Did you ___ anyone passing by that gate? (See)

Set 3

  1. We were talking about ghosts when a ghost ___ into the room. (walk)
  2. Sam was reaching the other end of the lake when he saw that one of his dogs ___ into water. (fall)
  3. I was thinking of my next trip to Goa when another idea ___ me. (strike)
  4. The other officer ___ at the goose before the others could. (shoot)
  5. When we reached their home, they ___ from there. (go)
  6. I have ___ this phenomenon but there has been no positive results. (research)
  7. She ___ me a mail by this time tomorrow. (send)
  8. They ___ here for many years since their marriage. (live)
  9. By next year, she ___ the exams. (pass)
  10. If you ___ me earlier, I would have arranged such an amount from my father. (tell)

Set 4

  1. I ___ the hill top if I had started climbing along with you. (reach)
  2. She ___ me a treat if I had helped her cheat in the exam. (give)
  3. Sam ___ with your plan if you had put it clearer. (accept)
  4. Sam tells that he ___ the exam before I did. (pass)
  5. She ___ just ___ out. Why won’t you wait for another ten minutes? (go)
  6. It ___ (rain) since morning on 04th May, 1975, many years ago.
  7. That was another remarkable evening and we ___ guests. (Have/had)
  8. Mr. Ghosh found that the two men __ for a week. (dead)
  9. Sonali ___ since morning. Why don’t you to talk to her right now? (cry)
  10. After the war, the two countries __ in good terms ever since. (H+Be)

The following sentences need to be completed with suitable forms of verbs. 

  1. Satish ___ from the roof. (Past perfect of “fall”)
  2. Marie ____ if she sees you. (Future Simple of “cry”)
  3. There is no place that you ____. (Present Prefect Negative of “visit”)
  4. They ____ him in a canal. (Simple past of “find”)
  5. They ____ this flat for a cheaper price. ( Future perfect Negative of “purchase”)
  6. ____ to Paris recently? (Present Perfect of “Be”)\
  7. She ____ here since 1999. (live) She is still living here.
  8. For seven hours we ____  to New York. (drive) We have not yet reached.
  9. Maria ____ him for so many years but since last September she has hated him. (love)
  10. She ____ her new novel on Harry Potter. (write)

Tense Fills

  1. I met him in a hotel in Vegas where he told me that he ____ a surgery. (undergo)
  2. I ____  the exam if I had attempted it! (pass)
  3. She ____ next year. (get married)
  4. When we reached the hospital, our uncle ____ to the operation theatre. (shift)
  5. They ________ all the poor people here. (help)
  6. I ________ someone’s footsteps. (hear)
  7. A snake crept in while we ________________ television. (watch)
  8. The manager from Spain ________________ for several years when he suddenly disappeared. (work)
  9. She ________________ out. We are expecting her any time. (go)​​
  10. She ____ here since 1999. (live) She is still living here.
  11. For seven hours we ____  to New York. (drive) We have not yet reached.
  12. Maria ____ him for so many years but since last September she has hated him. (love)
  13. She ____ her new novel on Harry Potter. (write)
  14. I met him in a hotel in Vegas where he told me that he ____ a surgery. (undergo)
  15. I ____  the exam if I had attempted it! (pass)
  16. She ____ next year. (get married)
  17. When we reached the hospital, our uncle ____ to the operation theatre. (shift)
  18. They ________ all the poor people here. (help)
  19. I ________ someone’s footsteps. (hear)
  20. A snake crept in while we ________________ television. (watch)
  21. The manager from Spain ________________ for several years when he suddenly disappeared. (work)
  22. She ________________ out. We are expecting her any time. (go)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate forms of Future Continuous or FuturePerfect

  1. They ___ the temple by tomorrow if everything went well. (visit)
  2. She ___ stories all the way to Paris. (tell)
  3. It ___ if all the three boys obey their parents in time. (happen)
  4. Three bottles of Pepsi ___ to the special guests if Coke runs out of reserve. (serve)
  5. The slave ___ all the day as a punishment. (work)
  6. I am sure, it ___ all the afternoon. (rain)

Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs in brackets.

  1. When you ___ (a. turn/turns) left from the next crossing, you ___ (b. find/finds) an old man ___ (c. sell/selling) fruits. Just ___ (d. ask/asks/asking) him if he ___ (e. know/knows) Tom. He ___ (f. know/knows) Tom but he never ___ (g. admit/admits) he ___ (h. know/knows) him.
  2. I am at the zoo at present. I ___ (like/likes) a zoo because I ___ (love/loves) animals and birds. My brother Binoo ___ (do not/does not) like animals. Nor ___ (do/does) he like birds. In our childhood he had a lot of love for animals but now he ___ (don’t/doesn’t)  like them at all.
  3. Ravi ____ (1. ask) me last Sunday if Gods really ____ (2. exist) or not. As I had never ____ (3. expect) such a question from him, I ____ (4. tell) him that ____ (5. search) God is less important than ____ (6. love) Him.
  4. I ___ (work) as an English tutor in Delhi between 2001 and 2014 when a number of unbelievable incidents ___ (happen) in my life. One evening, October 22, I ___ (come) out of the residence of Rajmohan Shetty, an ex-minister of Delhi Government when a man ___ (greet) me with a very innocent smile. I ___ (see) that he was ___ (will) to talk to me. He ___ (come) to the topic. He ___ (be) Mr. Jha, a businessman from South Delhi and ___ (want) me to get a photograph of the ex-minister’s library room. I ___ (grow) panicky and refused any sort of help
  5. She ____ (1. live) in this village for three or four years when suddenly she ____ (2. disappear) one day. No one ____ (3. know) what ____ (4. happen) to her or where she ____ (5. go). All I ____ (6. know) about her was that she was a good woman, ready to help anyone in need, even though she ____ (7. be) in her sixties. We ____ (8. lodge) a written complaint in the nearest police station, ____ (9. seek) the police help to find her but we could not.
  6. Golu, a boy of 12, is my neighbor and student. When I first ___ (1.meet) him three years ago, he ___ (2.play) in a park with a few friends of him. Because his mother ___ (3.ask) me to teach him, I ___ (4. take) a closer look at him. He ___ (5. look) healthy but not lively. When he ___ (6. field) the wickets, he had a very funny expression and when he ___ (7. miss) a catch he ___ (8. roar) like a tiger. I suddenly ___ (9. know) that I was going to have a tough time with this boy.
  7. Here is the story of another student whom I ___ (1. teach) for a year a half. He was not a very difficult stuff but his mom ___ (2. be). She was the most weird person I ever __ (3. meet) and would not like to ___ (4. meet) again. On the first day, she “very well” ___ (5. tell) me that she expected me to teach her ward English grammar as she ___ (6. think) that grammar ___ (7. Be) most important for English. After a week, when I ___ (8. inform) her that the student ___ (9. H+take) much interest in grammar, she ___ (10. ask) me why I ___ (11. waste) much time on grammar as she believed that her child’s grammar had always been wonderful! What a mother!
  8. Have you ever ___ (1. dream) of Heaven? I am not ___ (2. talk) about that heaven which your grandma ___ (3. tell) you when you were a kid. I ___ (4. talk) about a real galaxy of planets and stars to where a lot of time ago ___ (5. migrate) men and women of the earth.
  9. Three men and their servant were walking through a forest. All the three ____ (1. boast) about their skills. On the way they ____ (2. see) the skeleton of a lion. One of them ____ (3. suggest) of ____ (4. bring) the lion back to life. He ____ (5. tell) that he ____ (6. is/was) able to assemble the lion’s broken bones into a perfect skeleton. Very carefully he ____ (7. assemble) the bones and ____ (8. make) the lion stand up. When this was ____ (9. do), the second man said that he ____ (10. can/could) give the skeleton flesh and blood. In no time he ____ (11. give) the lion flesh and blood. Now the lion ____ (12. look) like a real lion. At this, the third man ____ (13. brag) that he was able to ____ (14. breath/breathe) life through the lion. Others ____ (15. laugh) at him saying that no one ____ (16. was/is) able to give life. When the third man ____ (17. approach) the lion to give it life, the servant climbed a tree, ____ (18. plead) to the third man no to give the lion life. The two men _____ (19. laugh) at their servant while the third one ____ (20. restore) the lion to life.
  10. He is a great man, everyone ____ (1. say) I don’t know why people ____ (2. consider) him so. He ____ (3. wake up) at two in the morning and ____ (4. go) for jogging. In half an hour he ____ (5. return) and ____ (6. take) an elaborate bath for another half an hour. I don’t think he eats anything in the morning. The next thing that ____ (7. catch) my eyes is him ____ (8. come) out combing his long hair.
  11. We were altogether three boys and two dogs but still we ___ (1. Have) fears left. When we ___ (2. reach) the boat that ___ (3. abandon) by the pirates, we ___ (4. breathe) better than when we ___ (5. sail) in the previous night. Around midnight Milkin ___ (6. awake) all of us with a heartbreaking call. ___ (7. Spring) to our shaking feet, we ___ (8. ask) him what the matter ___ (9. be). Milkin said that he ___ (10. see) a ghost.
  12. ___ (1. Read) the morning newspaper, last Sunday, I ___ (2. wonder) what ___ (3. will happen) to news media if people stopped ___ (4. commit) crimes and nature stopped ___ (5. cause) calamities. No sooner ___ (have) I wondered so, I got my answer too. If crimes and calamities ___ (can stop), then 1% of the world population, media persons, will go unemployed.

Subject & Predicate | Underline the subjects

  1. She offered to help me in my homework.
  2. Her father and she are teaching poor children.
  3. Mr. Ram’s youngest daughter, Mitali, is my cousin.
  4. Vaishali, my dearest friend, has met with another accident.
  5. This bus plies between New York and New Jercy.
  6. Do you know Peter? (To trace the subject of a question, reverse the order. Do you know > You do know = You + do + know)
  7. How can anyone say so?
  8. On the third of May, I was born.
  9. I told her when I was born.
  10. At the bust stand I met Ms Betsy and her boy friend.
  11. One, two, three, etc. are natural numbers.
  12. One plus ninety nine makes hundred.
  13. Akbar was a great Indian ruler.
  14. Take it if you want it.

Sentences Reordering

  1. On / went / shopping / they / Monday / for
  2. Forgot / of / to / their / shopping bags / but / them / carry / all
  3. Therefore / had to / after / their purchases / one by one / their cars / each of them / carry / to / the shopping
  4. Way / on the / car / puncture / home, / the / got a

Idioms

  • My Mother saw a Dancing Bear
  • Spring Quiet
  • Restless Genie
  • Mysterious Visitor 1, 2
  • Value Based Questions

Latest Homework

  1. Write a diary entry describing a new mobile phone that your uncle gifted you and how it has started spoiling your time.

Articles – a, an, the, no article(x)

  1. It is ____ new story.
    Ans – a
  2. There is ____ elephant in my room.
    Ans – an
  3. My uncle is ____ M.L.A in the new government.
    Ans – an (an em el ey. Look at the sound immediately after an!)
  4. Her daughter has got a job with ____ NGO.
    Ans – an
  5. There was ____ year of break after the flood in the city.
    Ans – a or an (Both are correct)
  6. She believes that it is ____ useful book.
    Ans – a (u sounds yoo!)
  7. Have you got ____ Yahoo account?
    Ans – a
  8. She learnt French from ____ European teacher.
    Ans – a (Sounds Yoo)
  9. Have you got ____ university degree?
    Ans – a (Sounds Yooniversity)
  10. I don’t see ____ use to talk to her now.
    Ans – a or the

Articles – a, an, the, no article(x)

  1. ____ Bible is the most circulated book in the world.
  2. ____ half of my money is wasted.
  3. She lives in ____ rented house.
  4. They believe in ____ existence of God.
  5. We are neighbors of ____ European family.
  6. ____ money I have kept for is lost.
  7. ____ man who wears sari is not mad; he is a genius.
  8. I will give you ___ keys but returns me in ___ evening.
  9. She is ____ most intelligent girl in the class.
  10. ____ last chapter is very interesting.

Articles – a, an, the, no article(x)

  1. She was ____ third of their daughter.
  2. One of her mother’s friends is ____ university professor.
  3. ____ most important thing is that the giant has a garden.
  4. Do you have ____ answer to this question?
  5. I am sorry, I have not heard of ____ place you are talking about.
  6. My father is ____ MLA, mother ____ MP, brother ____ LLB and sister ____ MBBS. What about yours?

Articles – Insert the wherever needed.

  1. ___ Tajmahal and __ Qutb Minar are in ___ India.
  2. Have you visited ___ Bangalore? It is a city in India.
  3. You can meet __ President after ___ breakfast and before ___ lunch.
  4. He played a tune on ___ flute.
  5. ___ sun and ___ moon are not ___ same.
  6. ___ last train left __ station in ___ evening.
  7. I agree with this condition but not with ___ other one.
  8. Sally is ___ most beautiful girl in __ colony.
  9. Who said that __ Ganga doesn’t touch ___ Delhi? It does.

Articles – a, an, the or no article(x)

  1. Have you studied in  ___ university before applying here? (Hint – Remember, sometimes u sounds sometimes it doesn’t!)
  2. Born to  ___ European couple, Sam grew up in Ohio.  (Hint – Remember, mostly “eu” sounds like “yoo” and it sounds!)
  3. ___ hour of waiting, that’s enough.
  4. There is ___ entry gate behind ____ pub that we went last Saturday.
  5. Which is ____ smallest and the coldest island in ____ Atlantic?
  6. He is  ___ energetic friend of mine.
  7. Her friend is  ___ NGO working for AIDS victims.
  8. Three twos and ____ half make six and ____ half.
  9. There was ____ last chapter to be completed but we had hardly ____ idea about that.
  10. My father has two sim-cards; ____ Airtel and ____ Vodafone.
  11. There is no need for ____ hour’s rest.
  12. Will you lend me ____ watch that you bought from Paris?
  13. ____ only way to get rid of her is to run!
  14. ____ Maclins are students of class VI, VII and VIII.
  15. An apple a day keeps a doctor away so we do not buy ____ apples.

Final Level

Why Grammar? 
  • Grammar is a set of rules for speaking or writing English without errors.
  • You should know about different kinds of nouns (names):
    • Single nouns (singular nouns)
    • More than one (plural) nouns
    • Pronouns which replace nouns in a sentence
    • Adjectives that say what a noun is like
    • Verb which is an action
    • Adverb that tells us how, when, how often you can do an action
    • Prepositions like in, on, out that indicate the position of a noun
    • Conjunction like and, but, because that connect two words or sentences.
Can I start speaking without Grammar?

If you are good at seeing the differences, well, you need not wait. Let’s start speaking English. Yet there is a difference between the one who knows the basic grammar and one who does not. The grammar you are going to learn in the first class is not all in detail – just the elementary grammar.

  • Singular and Plural
  • Collective and Abstract
  • I, my, me, myself – Pronouns
  • What, when, who, whose, why, which, where – Question words
  • Come here, please – Kinds of sentences
  • In, on, out, by, with, of – Prepositions
  • Is, am, are, was, were, will, shall, be, been, being – Be Family
  • Do, does, did – D Family
  • Have, has, had – H Family
  • Can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, must, need – Modals
  • Could have, should have, might have, must have
  • I speak English, I am speaking English, I have spoken English, I have been speaking English – Present Tense.
  • I spoke English, I was speaking English, I had spoken English, I had been speaking English – Past Tense
  • I will speak English, I will be speaking English, I will have spoken English, I will have been speaking English – Future Tense
  • I can speak English fluently – Adverb
  • Reported Speech – Gateway to Speaking

That’s all you need to know to start speaking. The rest you can learn when time allows you.

English language, or any language, is all about words and groups of words. We first teach you words and then how to put words together.

Words – Groups
  • Nouns or name-words, example New York, Ram, Car, Water, etc. Total nouns – In millions.
  • Pronouns or words that stand for a name, example He, She, they, it, etc. Total pronouns – less than hundred.
  • Adjectives or words that describe a noun, example, brave, hot, cute, three, etc. Total adjectives – Close to half a million.
  • Verb or an action word, like, come, eat, swim, study, think, etc. Total verbs – In millions.
  • Adverb or a word that describes an action word/verb. Example, bravely, smartly, foolishly, etc. Total adverbs – In hundreds.
  • Preposition is a word that tells us where. In, on, out, at, under, beneath, etc. Total prepositions – hardly a hundred.
  • Conjunction is a word that connects two or three words or sentences. And, buy, yet, although, etc. Total conjunctions – Hardly a hundred.
  • Interjection is a word that expresses a strong emotion. Ah! Alas! Oh! Shit! God! OMG! Total interjections – Less than a hundred.
  • Modal words are expressions. Can, could, should, must, would are some exaples. Total modals – less than twenty.
  • Time words are also known as tense indicators. Is, was, has, have, had, will, shall, be, been, being are a few examples. Total time words – Very few.
  • Determining words are adjectives. A, an, the, some, many, few, are a few examples. Total determiners – Two dozens.
BeDH – The Basics
  • Be – Is, am, are, was, were, will, shall, be, been, being
  • D – Do, does, did
  • H – Have, Has, Had

I said they rule English because they have such importance in English Speaking and Writing. It is therefore very important to know how they are used in English.

  • From the list of words above, pick out the words that have S in them and you get:
    • Is,
    • Was,
    • Has
    • Does.
  • Now write the rest of the words in another list here:
    • Am
    • Are
    • Were
    • Do
    • Did
    • Have
    • Had
  • The first set of words are used with Singular nouns or pronouns. S = IS, waS, haS, doeS
    • I was sleeping.
    • He has a cat.
    • She does not remember her past.
    • It is a wonderful machine.
  • The second set of words, except I, are used with plural nouns and pronouns.
    • We are planning.
    • They were sleeping.
    • Children have played.
    • We do not have any idea.
  • Now look at I and how I use BeDH
    • I am, I have, I do, I was.
Congratulations, again.

Let’s now do a little tense changes. Convert the following sentences to their past form by changing their verbs.

  1. I love mangoes.
  2. She knits sweaters.
  3. They plant trees.
  4. Workers build houses.
  5. Ram knows Kung Fu.

Let’s now convert the following sentences to past continuous by adding was or were plus Ving.

  1. She taught Hindi.
  2. They ate all the mangoes.
  3. We went to Florida last summer.
  4. Charley repaired the television.
  5. Mom told me another story.

Let’s now convert the following sentences to future by adding will or shall. Verb remains V1.

  1. I live in Australia.
  2. She hates stray dogs and cats.
  3. They build houses with mud and straw.
  4. The teacher asks questions during her lectures.
  5. Ram teaches you French.
Changing Sentences

Examples

  • They have got a new car. Have they got a new car?
  • She has cleared the exams. Has she cleared the exams?
  • I am tired of learning. Am I tired of learning?
  • She is my sister. Is she my sister?
  • They are coming home. Are they coming home?
  • I can break this bar. Can I break this bar?
  • She will come tomorrow. Will she come tomorrow?
  • We live here (We do live here) Do we live here?
  • He reads novels (He does read novels) Does he read novels?
  • They help the poor (They do help the poor) Do they help the poor?
  • She corrects my errors (She does correct my errors) Does she correct my errors?

If you haven’t understood the conversion of Do/Does/Did kind of sentences into question forms, here is a great work for you. Split the sentences.

  1. I love dogs
Verb & Tense

Before learning the proper use of tenses, we need to know the following facts about verbs:

  • It is the verb that is responsible for the tense of each sentence: nothing else.
  • By changing the verb’s forms, adding -ed, adding adding t in the place of d, adding will or shall, adding -ing to a verb, adding an -s or -es to a verb, adding a have or has or had, we make past, present and future tenses.
  • Most verbs make their past by adding -ed to it; but not all. There are around 200 verbs that form their past without -ed. These verbs are called irregular verbs. Don’t worry about them, but learn them to move any further.
Irregular Verbs

The following are the most commonly used irregular verbs. The list is pretty longer but you have NO choice.

  • Arise – Arose – Arisen
  • Awake – Awoke – Awoken
  • Bear – Bore – Born/Borne
  • Beat – Beat – Beaten
  • Become – Became – Become
  • Begin – Began – Begun
  • Bend – Bent – Bent
  • Bet – Bet – Bet
  • Bind – Bound – Bound
  • Bite – Bit – Bitten
  • Bleed – Bled – Bled
  • Blow – Blew – Blown
  • Break – Broke – Broken
  • Breed – Bred – Bred
  • Bring – Brought – Brought
  • Broadcast – Broadcast – Broadcast
  • Build – Built – Built
  • Burn – Burnt/Burned – Burnt/Burned
  • Burst – Burst – Burst
  • Buy – Bought – Bought
  • Cast – Cast – Cast
  • Catch – Caught – Caught
  • Choose – Chose – Chosen
  • Clap – Clapped/Clapt – Clapped/Clapt
  • Come – Came – Come
  • Cost – Cost – Cost
  • Creep – Crept – Crept
  • Cut – Cut – Cut
  • Dare – Dared – Dared
  • Deal – Dealt – Dealt
  • Dig – Dug – Dug
  • Dive – Dived/Dove – Dived
  • Do – Did – Done
  • Draw – Drew – Drawn
  • Dream – Dreamt/Dreamed – Dreamt/Dreamed
  • Drink – Drank – Drunk
  • Drive – Drove – Driven
  • Eat – Ate – Eaten
  • Fall – Fell – Fallen
  • Feed – Fed – Fed
  • Feel – Felt – Felt
  • Fight – Fought – Fought
  • Find – Found – Found
  • Flee – Fled – Fled
  • Fling – Flung – Flung
  • Fly – Flew – Flown
  • Freeze – Froze – Frozen
  • Get – Got – Got/Gotten
  • Give – Gave – Given
  • Go – Went – Gone
  • Grind – Ground – Ground
  • Grow – Grew – Grown
  • Hang – Hung/Hanged – Hung/Hanged
  • Have – Had – Had
  • Hear – Heard – Heard
  • Hide – Hid – Hidden
  • Hit – Hit – Hit
  • Hold – Held – Held
  • Hurt – Hurt – Hurt
  • Keep – Kept – Kept
  • Kneel – Knelt/Kneeled – Knelt/Kneeled
  • Knit – Knit/Knitted – Knit/Knitted
  • Know – Knew – Known
  • Lead – Led – Led
  • Lean – Leant – Leant
  • Leap – Leapt/Leaped – Leapt/Leaped
  • Learn – Learnt/Learned – Learnt/Learned
  • Leave – Left – Left
  • Lend – Lent – Lent
  • Let, Let, Let
  • Lie, Lay, Lain
  • Light, Lit, Lit
  • Lose, Lost, Lost
  • Make, Made, Made
  • Mean, Meant, Meant
  • Meet, Met, Met
  • Melt, Melted, Molten/Melted
  • Mislead, Misled, Misled
  • Mistake, Mistook, Mistaken
  • Misunderstand, Misunderstood, Misunderstood
  • Miswed, Miswed/Miswedded, Miswed/Miswedded
  • Mow, Mowed, Mown
  • Overdraw, Overdrew, Overdrawn
  • Overhear, Overheard, Overheard
  • Overtake, Overtook, Overtaken
  • Pay, Paid, Paid
  • Preset, Preset, Preset
  • Prove, Proved, Proven/Proved
  • Put, Put, Put
  • Quit, Quit, Quit
  • Read, Read, Read
  • Rid, Rid, Rid
  • Ride, Rode, Ridden
  • Ring, Rang, Rung
  • Rise, Rose, Risen
  • Rive, Rived, Riven
  • Run, Ran, Run
  • Saw, Sawed, Sawn
  • Say, Said, Said
  • See, Saw, Seen
  • Seek, Sought, Sought
  • Sell, Sold, Sold
  • Send, Sent, Sent
  • Set, Set, Set
  • Sew, Sewed Sewn
  • Shake Shook Shaken
  • Shave Shaved Shaven
  • Shear Shore/Sheared Shorn/Sheared
  • Shed Shed Shed
  • Shine Shone Shone
  • Shoot Shot Shot
  • Show Showed Shown
  • Shrink Shrank Shrunk
  • Shut Shut Shut
  • Sing Sang Sung
  • Sink Sank Sunk
  • Sit Sat Sat
  • Slay Slew Slain
  • Sleep Slept Slept
  • Slide Slid Slid
  • Sling Slung Slung
  • Slink Slunk Slunk
  • Slit Slit Slit Slits Slitting
  • Smell – Smelled – Smelled
  • Sneak – Sneaked – Sneaked
  • Sow Sowed Sown
  • Speak Spoke Spoken
  • Speed – Sped – Sped
  • Spell Spelt/Spelled Spelt/Spelled
  • Spend Spent Spent
  • Spill Spilt/Spilled Spilt/Spilled
  • Spin Span/Spun Spun
  • Spit Spat/Spit Spat/Spit
  • Split Split Split
  • Spoil Spoilt/Spoiled Spoilt/Spoiled
  • Spread Spread Spread
  • Spring Sprang Sprung
  • Stand Stood Stood
  • Steal Stole Stolen
  • Stick Stuck Stuck
  • Sting Stung Stung
  • Stink Stank Stunk
  • Stride Strode/Strided Stridden
  • Strike Struck Struck/Stricken
  • String Strung Strung
  • Strip Stript/Stripped Stript/Stripped
  • Strive Strove Striven
  • Sunburn Sunburned/Sunburnt Sunburned/Sunburnt
  • Swear Swore Sworn
  • Sweat Sweat/Sweated Sweat/Sweated
  • Sweep Swept/Sweeped Swept/Sweeped
  • Swell Swelled Swollen
  • Swim Swam Swum
  • Swing Swung Swung
  • Take Took Taken
  • Teach Taught Taught
  • Tear Tore Torn
  • Tell Told Told
  • Think Thought Thought
  • Thrive Throve/Thrived Thriven/Thrived
  • Throw Threw Thrown
  • Thrust Thrust Thrust
  • Tread Trod Trodden
  • Undergo – Underwent – Undergone
  • Understand – Understood – Understood
  • Undertake – Undertook – Undertaken
  • Upset Upset Upset
  • Vex Vext/Vexed Vext/Vexed
  • Wake Woke Woken
  • Wear Wore Worn
  • Weave Wove Woven
  • Wed Wed/Wedded Wed/Wedded
  • Weep Wept Wept
  • Wend Wended/Went Wended/Went
  • Wet Wet/Wetted Wet/Wetted
  • Win Won Won
  • Wind Wound Wound
  • Withdraw Withdrew Withdrawn
  • Withhold Withheld Withheld
  • Withstand Withstood Withstood
  • Wring Wrung Wrung
  • Write Wrote Written

Biju John

Biju John is an educational writer, educator and the author of OM - The Otherwise Men.

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