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Tensation – Past Present Future

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Tensation – Past Present Future

Summary & Notes

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Read the sentence and find the actions.

  1. She is singing a song.
  2. They are helping the poor.
  3. These people are building a temple.
  4. She will be marrying Peter tomorrow.
  5. My uncle was working in the US.

Now, see if these actions have already happened, are happening or will happen in the future.

  1. She is singing a song at present. (Started, is going on and will continue)
  2. They are helping the poor on all the Sundays. (Started, is going on and will continue)
  3. These people are building a temple day and night. (Started, is going on and will continue)
  4. She will be marrying Peter tomorrow. (Not Started, is not going on but will happen)
  5. My uncle was working in the US. (Happened, is not going on and may bot continue)

Now say if the following actions happened, are happening or will happen.

  1. They will come tomorrow. (Will happen)
  2. She is sleeping in the other room now. (Is happening)
  3. A dog barked at me yesterday. (Happened)
  4. I will get a letter day after tomorrow. (Will happen)
  5. Two years ago, a UFO landed in our village.
  6. Noni will cry if her father gets angry. (Will happen)
  7. Peter fell ill last week. (Happened)
  8. The train is coming right now. (Is happening)
  9. The mouse will eat all the crops. (Will happen)
  10. It is raining outside. Do not stay indoors. (Is happening)

Now, pick the words that helped you to identify the time.

  1. They will come tomorrow. (Will happen, will, tomorrow)
  2. She is sleeping in the other room now. (Is happening, is, now)
  3. A dog barked at me yesterday. (Happened, barked, yesterday)
  4. I will get a letter day after tomorrow. (Will happen, will, tomorrow)
  5. Two years ago, a UFO landed in our village. (Happened, two years ago, landed)
  6. Noni will cry if her father gets angry. (Will happen, will)
  7. Peter fell ill last week. (Happened, fell, last week)
  8. The train is coming right now. (Is happening, is, now)
  9. The mouse will eat all the crops. (Will happen, will)
  10. It is raining outside. Do not stay indoors. (Is happening, is)
What’s Tense?
  • Tense expresses time – Past, Present, Future.
  • Whatever happened is PAST.
  • Whatever is happening is PRESENT.
  • Whatever is going to happen is FUTURE.

Tense is all about time. The time that we lived, the time that we live at present and the time that we may live. Past, present and future.

  • Past is history – It is all over and we cannot go back to history.
  • Present is transitory – It is passing, fleeting and momentary.
  • Future is mystery – It is uncertain.
Tense Words

The following words tell if the sentence is past, present or future;

  • Present – is, am, are, do, does, have, has, love, eat, eats, go, goes, is going, are going, am going, has gone, have gone
  • Past – was, were, did, had, loved, ate, went, was going, were going, had gone
  • Future – will, shall, will do, will have, will eat, will go, will be going, shall be going, will have gone, shall have gone
Simple Tenses
  • Past Simple
    • Ram went out an hour ago.
      • When did Ram go out? An hour ago.
      • Is Ram back? Yes, he is back.
    • They called him Rajah.
      • What did they call him? They called him Rajah.
      • Do they still call him Rajah? No, they do not.
      • Will they call him so? Probably they will not.
    • We spent three days together.
  • Present Simple
    • Ram goes out in the evening.
      • When does Ram go out? He goes out in the evening.
      • Did he have this habit earlier? Not likely.
      • Will he have this habit in the future? Can’t say.
    • They call him Rajah.
    • We spend days and nights in parks.
  • Future Simple
    • Ram will go out after an hour.
      • Where is Ram now? He is in.
      • Did he ever go out earlier? No idea.
    • They will call him Rajah.
    • We will spend three days together.
Continuous Tenses
  • Past Continuous :: “Sheela was sleeping.”
    • Is Sheela sleeping now? No.
    • When did Sheela fall asleep? She fell asleep at 5 pm.
    • How long did Sheela sleep? She slept for 2 hours.
    • When did Sheela wake up? She woke up at 7 pm.
  • Present Continuous ::  “Sheetal is sleeping.”
    • Is Sheetal sleeping now? Yes.
    • When did Sheetal fall asleep? She fell asleep at 7 pm.
    • How long did Sheetal sleep? She has slept for 1 hours.
    • When did Sheetal wake up? She has not woken up. She is still sleeping.
  • Future Continuous :: “Sheena will be sleeping.”
    • Is Sheena sleeping now? No.
    • Was Sheena sleeping? No.
    • When did Sheena fall asleep? No, Sheena did not fall asleep.
    • How long did Sheena sleep? No, she hasn’t slept.
    • When did Sheena wake up? No, she did not sleep.
Take it Easy!

You may have heard teachers saying there are three tenses and each of the three has four sub tenses. You multiply 3×4 = 12 and feel, “no, tense is not easy!

But the fact is different. Tense is easy and there is no escaping from tense. You cannot escape to past because past tense is there; you cannot escape to future because future tense is there. Stay in the present, and let’s learn tense.

Keywords

  • Past : Was, were, had, did, could, might.
  • Present : Is, am, are, has/have, do/does, can, may.
  • Future : Will, shall, will be, shall be, will have, shall have, will do, shall do.

Singular and Plural Pronouns

  1. I : Was, had, do, did, could, might: am, have, do, can, may, will, shall, etc.
  2. We : Were, had, do, did, could, might: are, have, do, can, may, will, shall, etc
  3. They : Were, had, do, did, could, might: are, have, can, may, will, shall, etc
  4. He : Was, had, does, did, could, might: is, has, can, may, will, shall, etc
  5. She : Was, had, does, did, could, might: is, has, can, may, will, shall, etc
  6. It : Was, had, does, did, could, might: is, has, can, may, will, shall, etc

Convert to Past and Future

They are playing > They were playing > They will be playing.

  1. She is lovely.
  2. He sells mangoes.
  3. Harry is angry.
  4. Parents are attending a meeting.
  5. My friends are going abroad.
  6. I need an advocate.
  7. This sounds interesting.
  8. I know the way.
  9. It is amazing!
  10. That’s cool.

Convert to Past and Future

  1. I do not understand his speech.
  2. They do not help their servants.
  3. Harry needs a dog.
  4. My cousins fly kites on Sundays.
  5. The gardener trims the plants every Saturday.
  6. The dog keeps on barking at every stranger.
  7. Dr. John does not attend to patients in the evening.
  8. The wind blows violently on the rooftop.
  9. This music plays throughout the night.
  10. She does not care while driving.

Convert to Past and Future

  1. The thieves are coming into the parlour.
  2. The river is flowing silently.
  3. The maid is sleeping with her baby.
  4. Mr. Aman is arriving at the airport.
  5. It is singing a soft melody.

Complete the series with V1, Vs, V2, V3, Ving forms of the verb.

  1. Give – Gives – Gave – Given – Giving
  2. Take – …….. – Took  – ……..  – Taking
  3. Bring – ……. – ……. – Brought – Bringing
  4. Light – ……. – Lit – ….. – Lighting
  5. ….. – Changes – ……. – Changed – ……..
  6. Buy – …….. – …….. – …….. – Buying
  7. See – …….. – Saw – …….. – ……..
  8. Dream – …….. – …….. – …….. – ……..
  9. …….. – Eats – …….. – …….. – ……..
  10. Forgive – …….. – …….. – Forgiven – ……..

Match the following:

  1. She did not : are my students
  2. They have : live here?
  3. Two buses : understand my intention.
  4. The horse and its cartran into each other.
  5. The boy and his sister : built a new house.
  6. Do youhas been bought by a rich man.

Match the following:

  1. Have/has/hadV1 : I watched a movie yesterday.
  2. Is, am, are, was, were, will be, shall beVs : She has gone out.
  3. Do/does/did V2 : It is raining outside.
  4. He, she, it : V3Ram does not drink enough water.
  5. Yesterday : Ving : I know where he lives.

Fill in the blanks with correct tense forms of the verb (V1, Vs, V2, V3, Ving)

  1. They ____ climbing a hill. (was/were)
  2. Do you ___ here or there? (live/lives/lived)
  3. I don’t believe all that he ___. (Say/says/saying)
  4. Can I ___ here? (Sit/sits/sat)
  5. They ___ well. (teach/teaches/teaching)
  6. Salim ___ not pray. (do/does)
  7. Three and three ___ six. (Make/made/makes)

Identify the tense : Past or Present or Future

  1. I am ready.
  2. She will be alright.
  3. They were absent.
  4. Mother was upset.
  5. This is the best price.
  6. I shall be obliged.
  7. Will he understand my language?
  8. The bird was in a hurry.
  9. My teacher is kind hearted.
  10. They are ready to help anyone.

Identify the tense : Past or Present or Future

  1. Raju will write a letter.
  2. The two sisters help each other.
  3. My mother cooks well.
  4. Here goes the king!
  5. I shall tell you a story.
  6. The Nile used to flow under this bridge.
  7. My maths teacher will be mad at my work.
  8. Anyone knows Hassim?
  9. Does anyone have a black pen?
  10. Look, all our enemies have died.

In the following paragraphs, tense is mixed up. Rewrite the paragraphs with correct tense forms.

  1. Mostly Present – India’s population is rising like a rocket. Every second in India three to eleven children were born and one to four people died. It was important to keep a balance between the death-birth ratio. If we didn’t did anything to controlled population, there will be more people in India than there were flies. The best thing that any Indian can did is have just one child.
  2. Mostly Past – Do you know what Octavian and two of his friends did to save their country? Their king was a very rude and barbarous man. He impose heavy taxes upon people and send so many innocent people into prison/jail. To saved the country from this evil/bad king, Octavian and his friends kidnap the prince, the king’s son and take him to a cave in the forest. They threaten/frighten/warn the king that they are kill the prince if the king don’t stop being rude.
Rules

Formation of Tense

1. Simple Present – Subject + V1/Vs + (Object)

  • Sam sleeps under this cot.
  • We work for this company.
  • I know your father and mother.
  • I love my earth.
  • She speaks English.
  • I know German.
  • Rahim weeps sadly.
  • Shaji helps old people.
  • I love chocolates.
  • It rains here in June.
  • Grandma loves climbing trees.
  • The Earth goes round the sun.

Specially notice

  • With I, we, you and they, we use V1 forms. “I love this dog.”
  • With he, she, it, we use Vs forms. “She loves this dog.”
  • Present Continuous – Subject + is/am/are + Ving

2. Present Continuous – Subject +am/is/are+Ving

To form present continuous tense, use “is, am, are” plus the -ing form of the verb.

  1. “She is working very hard.”
  2. “They are building a bridge across this desert.”

3. Present Perfect – Subject + have/has + V3

  • She has collapsed.
  • I have not invited you.

4. Present Perfect Continuous – Subject + have been/has been + Ving

  • “He has been crying since morning.”
  • They have been eating for five hours.”

5. Simple Past Tense – Subject + V2

  • They built this house in 1999
  • The dog barked at me.

6. Past Continuous Tense – Subject + was/were + Ving

  • Shirley was singing a song.
  • The train was slowly coming to a halt.

7. Past Perfect Tense – Subject + had + V3

  • The master had taught us all the tricks but we forgot many.
  • They had invited me years ago.

8. Past Perfect Continuous – Subject + had been + Ving

  • They had been waiting all these years.
  • She had been sleeping.

9. Future Simple – Subject + will/shall + V1

  • They will reach here by night.
  • It will rain tomorrow.

10. Future Continuous – Subject + will be/shall be + Ving

  • I will be reading this book the whole of tomorrow.
  • She will be needing your help.
  • They will be paying the bills next month.
  • She will be cleaning the table soon

11. Future Perfect – Subject + will have/shall have + V3 (Time)

  • Rai will have returned the book by tomorrow evening.
  • My mom will have asked you this question in a week.
  • I will have waited for your letter till evening tomorrow.

12. Future Perfect Continuous – Subject + will have been/shall have been + Ving

  • They will have been arriving by morning tomorrow.
  • He will have been wondering about it by this time!

Correct Use of Future Tense

  1. The train leaves at 11:45.
  2. We are going to have dinner at a nice restaurant on Saturday.
  3. It will snow in the mountains tomorrow evening.
  4. On Sunday at 8 o’clock I am meeting my friend.
  5. They are flying to London on Friday evening.
  6. Wait! I will drive you to the station.
  7. The English lesson starts at 8:45.
  8. I  am going to see my sister in April.
  9. Look at the clouds – it is going to rain in a few minutes.
  10. Listen! There’s someone at the door. I will open the door for you.

Change the tense as directed:

  1. Is coming. (to past)
  2. Is going. (future)
  3. Was eating. (Present)
  4. Will be coming. (Past)
  5. Shall be dining. (Present)
  6. Are preparing. (Past)
  7. Am going. (Past)

Identify the Tense

  1. I will come tomorrow.
  2. She went home yesterday.
  3. I will help you.
  4. He is a foolish person.
  5. I was once a criminal.
  6. She will be yours.
  7. I am waiting for her.
  8. They were late for the party.
  9. What do you want?
  10. When will you come?
  11. Why were you crying?
  12. I have heard of you.
  13. Have you forgotten the novel?
  14. I had no other way.
  15. She will have come by this time.
  16. They shall have helped you.
  17. Do you live here?
  18. Does he know me?
  19. Can I live here?
  20. Shall we move?

Pick out the past continuous from the following:

  1. She will be coming with a new copy.
  2. They are buying a new house.
  3. Dettu was crying when I came home.
  4. She will be taking me to the island.
  5. I was reading a novel.

How to identify the tense?

The best way to identify a sentence’ tense is to find out the verb.

  • See if it has any -ing verb. Then it is a continuous tense.
  • See if it has is, am, are. If there is, it is present tense.
  • See if it has any was or were. If there is, it is past tense.
  • See if it has any will or shall. If there is, it is future tense.
  • If there is is, am, are + ing, then it is a present continuous.
  • If there is was or were + ing, then it must be past continuous tense.
  • If there is will be or shall be + ing, then it is a future continuous tense.

Which Tense?

  1. She was going.
  2. I will be eating.
  3. They are eating.
  4. She cries.
  5. We burnt their houses.
  6. Three men are coming to meet you.
  7. I will marry her sister.
  8. She was weeping.
  9. I will be dancing.
  10. My mother laughs whenever she sees her brother Amu.
  11. They prefer intelligent students.
  12. Does he live here?
  13. I am not going to help you.
  14. Do you know my father?
  15. He is the Mayor of this town.
  16. I don’t know your father.
  17. Shiela and Marie live in the same apartment.
  18. Does anyone here sell bangles?
  19. These chicks are eating right now.
  20. I am not going to sit here again.
  21. She does not speak English.
  22. I understood that I was wrong.
  23. They treat their customers politely.
  24. She was waiting for your car yesterday.
  25. We leave this place in December.
  26. She was sleeping when the thief entered.
  27. We are going to catch the thief.
  28. Are you coming?

Simple Past

Convert to Simple Past
  1. She loves mangoes and apples along with pepper or salt.
  2. They do not buy mangoes in early April.
  3. Sam does not waste his time playing computer games.
  4. It rains here in June and July.
  5. You need a week’s rest.
  6. I like cold coffee in the morning.
  7. She hates men and women who dress themselves in expensive clothes.
  8. They help people who are too poor and too unlucky.
  9. I get several calls from France and Belgium.
  10. Satish and Aman play football in the rain.
Convert to Simple Past
  1. Do you live here?
  2. Does it run on its own?
  3. Do they help you whenever you are in need?
  4. Do you think that I am a fool?
  5. Does Peter cook his food?
  6. Does your aunt flatter like your uncle does?
Convert to Simple Past
  1. Ram was waiting for the last train.
  2. The minister was resting in his car.
  3. My cousins were playing throughout the night.
  4. Students were shouting at the school gate.
  5. Some farmers were carrying potatoes to the market.

Past Continuous

Convert to Past Continuous
  1. If you looked for the lost watch, you had to look in your room.
  2. I did not work yesterday.
  3. It rained in the evening.
  4. She slept till evening after the examination.
  5. I went to the market to buy a matchbox.
Past Perfect | Convert to Simple past
  1. She had crossed the river.
  2. They had arrived in a taxi.
  3. Mohan had won the trophy.
  4. The tides had destroyed the boats.
  5. The Principal had suspended three students.
Past Perfect Continuous
Exercise

Convert to Continuous Tenses

  1. She sells oranges.
  2. Her brothers learn German from me.
  3. Her mother went to London.
  4. Her father bought three rabbits.
  5. She sliced the tomatoes.
  6. They listened to the teacher.
  7. We sleep all the day.
  8. Our mothers advised us to run away.
  9. The class went on till evening.
  10. The tiger made a big leap.
  11. She will come.
  12. They will run away.
  13. Mohan will dance.
  14. The cat will pounce upon the rats.
  15. Sarita gets a letter every Monday.
  16. Ladies visit me frequently.
  17. A snake bites the dove.
  18. Some boys went out of the classroom.
  19. The teacher asked us many questions.
  20. Ashina sings fabulously.
  21. Devu sells her songs for money.
  22. The frog fell into a well.
  23. I will meet you tomorrow.
  24. The merchant thought of selling his horses.
  25. The bride gave me a smile.
  26. He will teach you this lesson.
  27. My uncle shall tell you that story.
  28. Three boys and a girl built this castle.
  29. The crow tried to sing a song.
  30. This river flowed under that bridge.

Answers

  1. She is selling oranges.
  2. Her brothers are learning German from me.
  3. Her mother was going to London.
  4. Her father was buying three rabbits.
  5. She was slicing the tomatoes.
  6. They were listening to the teacher.
  7. We are sleeping all the day.
  8. Our mothers were advising us to run away.
  9. The class was going on till evening.
  10. The tiger was making a big leap.
  11. She will be coming.
  12. They will be running away.
  13. Mohan will be dancing.
  14. The cat will be pouncing upon the rats.
  15. Sarita gets is getting letter every Monday.
  16. Ladies are visiting me frequently.
  17. A snake is biting the dove.
  18. Some boys were going out of the classroom.
  19. The teacher was asking us many questions.
  20. Ashina is singing fabulously.
  21. Devu is selling her songs for money.
  22. The frog was falling into a well.
  23. I will be meeting you tomorrow.
  24. The merchant was thinking of selling his horses.
  25. The bride was giving me a smile.
  26. He will be teaching you this lesson.
  27. My uncle shall be telling you that story.
  28. Three boys and a girl were building this castle.
  29. The crow was trying to sing a song.
  30. This river was flowing under that bridge.

Convert to Simple Tense

  1. She is living with her uncle.
  2. They are selling gas on the roadside.
  3. We are waiting for your bus.
  4. My father was driving the car.
  5. My uncles were drinking wine with a beggar.
  6. I will be eating your pies.
  7. They shall be arriving shortly.
  8. We are reaching the hotel by tomorrow.
  9. I am feeling lonely.
  10. She was working for this company.

Answers

  1. She lives with her uncle.
  2. They sell gas on the roadside.
  3. We wait for your bus.
  4. My father drives the car.
  5. My uncles drank wine with a beggar.
  6. I will eat your pies.
  7. They shall arrive shortly.
  8. We reach the hotel by tomorrow.
  9. I feel lonely.
  10. She worked for this company.

Convert to Simple Future or Future Continuous.

  1. I read this novel.
  2. She is sleeping.
  3. They invite poor people.
  4. He is coming home.
  5. Tom is running after his cow.
  6. Sam eats a lot.
  7. They are angry.
  8. She is rude.
  9. I understand.
  10. My friends are dying.

Answers

  1. I will read this novel.
  2. She will be sleeping.
  3. They will invite poor people.
  4. He will be coming home.
  5. Tom will be running after his cow.
  6. Sam will eat a lot.
  7. They will be angry.
  8. She will be rude.
  9. I will understand.
  10. My friends will be dying.

Identify the Tenses-1

  1. Insects need a lot of space.
  2. I am coming.
  3. They were crying.
  4. Will you come?
  5. Dinosaurs had lived before humans arrived.
  6. She had signed in the register as Miss Sweta.
  7. Have you boiled these potatoes?
  8. Didn’t I say that the earth is flat?
  9. My teacher believes that there are more than 100 million stars.
  10. Many of my colleagues have resigned from the post.
  11. Who has advised you to stop smoking?
  12. She had been a clerk.
  13. She has been my best friend since our childhood.

Change the tense as directed

  1. She is going to buy a new car. (Past Cont)
  2. They were eager to buy my car. (Present Simple)
  3. I know where you can buy this car. (Future Cont)
  4. This car hit an old electric post and burnt three years ago. (Future Simple)
  5. I am buying a car for my father. (Past Cont)
  6. The cars that you sold me last year was a stolen one. (Present Simple)
  7. I won my car in a competition. (Simple Future)
  8. My car is running smoothly if it runs on highways. (Past Cont)
  9. Being inside my car is like being on the clouds. (Past Simple)
  10. Having a car of this brand is a big thing. (Future Simple)

Answers

  1. She was going to buy a new car. (Past Cont)
  2. They are eager to buy my car. (Present Simple)
  3. I will (get to) know where you can buy this car. (Future Cont)
  4. This car will hit an old electric post and burn three years later. (Future Simple)
  5. I was buying a car for my father. (Past Cont)
  6. The cars that you sell me this year are stolen ones. (Present Simple)
  7. I will win my car in a competition. (Simple Future)
  8. My car was running smoothly if it runs on highways. (Past Cont)
  9. Being inside my car was like being on the clouds. (Past Simple)
  10. Having a car of this brand will be a big thing. (Future Simple)

Change to Past Continuous

  1. Two men are discussing a very serious matter.
  2. My dog is peeing on my bed.
  3. I will be telling you another story.
  4. She shall be driving my car.
  5. Soldiers are drilling.
  6. The river is flowing under the bridge.
  7. The inspector is investigating the case.

Change to Present Continuous 

  1. I will be reading your novel tomorrow.
  2. Sam was preparing for a test yesterday.
  3. Last summer, Mini and her brother were learning French.
  4. I was wondering why you were getting late.
  5. Will you be travelling to Mumbai tomorrow?
  6. Will they be enjoying the match next week?
  7. I will be cleaning the mess by next day.

Change to Future Continuous

  1. She was playing tennis the whole afternoon.
  2. They are swimming in a dirty river.
  3. Aleesha and Mohit were studying together.
  4. Sam told his friends that he was having dinner with Tom Cruse.
  5. Are you certain that the cow is eating your plants?
  6. They say that two thieves were digging the floor.
  7. I don’t know why it is raining here in December.

Fill in the blanks with the correct continuous form of the verbs.

  1. The two friends were ___ (a. talk) about their marriage. Mini said that she didn’t like to get married because her father ___ (b. give) her endless pain by ___ (c. beat) her and by ___ (d. make) her obey him against her will. She also said that her mother ___ (e. suffer) all those years when so many women in the society ___ (f. enjoy) their life. Sini, the other girl, said that she ___ (g. marry) a man because she simply loved to be a wife and a mother. She said that she ___ (h. take care) of her husband and ___ (i. bring up) her children with love. She also said that she ___ (j. correct) her husband if he tried to disrespect her.

Change the tense as directed…

  1. One day last summer I was walking to a city called Camelot. (Simple Past)
  2. There were green fields on both sides of the road. (Future Simple)
  3. A river flowed on one side of the road. (Future Continuous)
  4. In the river there stood a grey castle with four towers. (Simple Present)
  5. I asked the people there about the castle and they said there lived a girl inside the castle. (Future Continuous)
  6. They told me that her name was the Lady of Shalott. (Present Continuous)
  7. I was told that she was under a curse. (Future Simple)
  8. She was not allowed to look out of the castle. (Future Simple)
  9. If she looked out, she would die instantly. (Present Simple)
  10. There, in the castle, she sat, looking at the magic mirror in which she saw the world outside. (Present Cont)
  11. She was not supposed to do anything other than weaving a web in her magic loom. (Future Simple)
  12. I felt pity for this young lady. (Present Continuous)
  13. I was by this time passing under one of her windows. (Future Cont)
  14. Suddenly she looked down at me. (Simple Future)
  15. I felt terrified! Won’t she die? ( Present Cont)
  16. I ran to Camelot but I saw her leaving her castle and coming down. (Future Simple)
  17. I didn’t want her die because of me, therefore I ran to Camelot. (Future Simple)
  18. When I was in Camelot, a little later, I heard people talking about a dead body floating in a small boat. (Future Continuous)
  19. I ran to the river and saw her in her boat, dead. (Future Continuous)
  20. Lady of Shalott thus died because she ignored her curse and fell in love with a man. (Future Simple)

Convert the sentences as directed – Simple and Continuous – 1

  1. She was working for a bank. (Convert to Present Continuous)
  2. They are coming. (Convert to simple past)
  3. She will teach you maths.  (Convert to simple past)
  4. He will reach the station in time.  (Convert to simple past)
  5. I met with an accident.  (Convert to simple future)
  6. He heard me talking about him.  (Convert to simple future)
  7. They asked us to leave the village.  (Convert to past continuous)
  8. Sam was cleaning the house.  (Convert to future continuous)
  9. I was thinking of you.  (Convert to present continuous)
  10. I am waiting for her. (Convert to future continuous)

Convert the sentences as directed – Simple and Continuous

  1. They sell mangoes. (Convert to Simple Past)
  2. I need a piano. (Convert to simple past)
  3. Did you meet him? (Convert to Simple Future)
  4. Does he speak Hindi? (Convert to Present Continuous)
  5. He is cooking for us. (Present Simple)
  6. Is it your fault? (Simple Past)
  7. Was it raining?  (Convert to Present Continuous)
  8. Is he running? (Convert to Past Continuous)
  9. Is he sleeping? (Convert to Future Continuous)
  10. Was she learning? (Convert to Future Continuous)

Convert the sentences as directed – Simple and Continuous

  1. I need a pet for my son. (Simple Future)
  2. She slept in her field. (Past Cont)
  3. Will you come for the party? (Simple Present)
  4. Do you think ghosts exist? (Simple Future)
  5. I was cleaning the shed when they came. (Fut. Cont)
  6. Does he play better than Arjun does? (Present Cont)
  7. Will she write you a reply? (Simple Past)
  8. I feel very weak today. (Past Cont)
  9. Does she talk about her dog William? (Past Cont)
  10. They were helping me to cross the river. (Simple Future)

Convert the sentences as directed – Simple and Continuous 

  1. Do you work hard for a job? (Fut. Cont)
  2. Did she prepare the soup as you like it? (Simple Present)
  3. I did not know that you are a king. (Simple Present)
  4. She doesn’t talk to me. (Present Cont)
  5. I did not understand what they said. (Future Cont)
  6. They prefer tea to coffee. (Past Simple)
  7. Am I giving you any trouble? (Past Cont)
  8. Were they planning a get together? (Future Continuous)
  9. Shall I call you Dettu? (Past Simple)
  10. Does he live with his parents? (Future Continuous)

Convert the sentences as directed – Perfect and Perfect Continuous

  1. They have completed all works. (Convert to past perfect)
  2. Have you broken my plates? (Convert to simple past)
  3. Has England defeated Pakistan? (Convert to Future Simple)
  4. Do you need any help? (Convert to future continuous)
  5. She is preparing for her final exams. (Present Perfect)
  6. They are going to Shimla. (Future Continuous)
  7. I have made my last attempt. (Simple Future)
  8. My dad has fought the Kargil War. (Past Perfect)
  9. Will you come? (Future Continuous)
  10. She has resigned from the school. (Future Perfect)

Convert the sentences as directed

  1. I have invited all my relatives. (Future Perfect)
  2. One has died so far. (Past Simple)
  3. She sings melodiously. (Present Perfect)
  4. Madhur has colored his book. (Past Continuous)
  5. I will bring you a laptop. (Convert to future continuous)
  6. I selected oranges. (Convert to simple future)
  7. Have you learnt your lessons? (Convert to simple future)
  8. They are running for life. (Convert to present perfect)
  9. A snake entered my room. (Convert to past perfect)
  10. They live for the poor people. (Convert to present continuous)
  11. King Vikramaditya was a wise king. (Convert to past perfect)
  12. Don’t you know that stealing is a sin? (Convert to simple past)
  13. My people will arrest the thief. (Convert to simple present)
  14. Anna will save India. (Convert to simple past)

Use the correct form of the verbs to complete the sentences:

  1. Satish ___ from the roof. (Past perfect of “fall”)
  2. Marie ____ if she sees you. (Future Simple of “cry”)
  3. There is no place that you ____. (Present Prefect Negative of “visit”)
  4. They ____ him in a canal. (Simple past of “find”)
  5. They ____ this flat for a cheaper price. ( Future perfect Negative of “purchase”)
  6. Have you __ to Paris recently? (Present Perfect of “Be”)

More Difficult

  1. She ____ here since 1999. (live) She is still living here.
  2. For seven hours we ____  to New York. (drive) We have not yet reached.
  3. Maria ____ him for so many years but since last September she has hated him. (love)
  4. She ____ her new novel on Harry Potter. (write)
  5. I met him in a hotel in Vegas where he told me that he ____ a surgery. (undergo)
  6. I ____  the exam if I had attempted it! (pass)
  7. She ____ next year. (get married)
  8. When we reached the hospital, our uncle ____ to the operation theatre. (shift)

Use the correct forms of the verbs to complete the sentences 2

  1. They ____ all the poor people here. (help)
  2. I ____ someone’s footsteps. (hear)
  3. A snake crept in while we ____ television. (watch)
  4. The manager from Spain ____ for several years when he suddenly disappeared. (work)
  5. She ____ out. We are expecting her any time. (go)

Fill in the blanks with Present Simple or Present Continuous forms:
Permitted V forms – V1, Vs, Ving + is, am, are

  1. She __ with the babies. Do not make a sound for God’s sake! (sleep)
  2. It __ here all the year round so we do not cultivate rice and wheat here. (rain)
  3. The moon and earth __ round the sun. (move)
  4. There is no better friend who __ with you when you are in trouble. (stand)
  5. The child __ whenever it hears my dog bark. (cry)
  6. Do you know Mr. Peter who __ on the hilltop? (live)
  7. I can hardly believe that you __. (smoke)
  8. They __ to build a new temple next to the school. (plan)
  9. My uncles and aunts __ at the railway station in a few minutes. (arrive)
  10. Haven’t I told you that my mother __. (Cook)

Fill in the blanks with Past Simple or Past Continuous forms:
Permitted V forms – V2, Ving + was, were

  1. The poachers __ trees when the forest guards arrived there. (cut)
  2. It was my brother Mike who first __ the elephant entering our village gate. (spot)
  3. If you think it was my father who __ the pit, you can ask him to fill it. (dig)
  4. Three officers and their dogs __ in while we sat playing cards. (break)
  5. It was __ very heavily, so we stayed home for the evening. (Rain)
  6. She __ her husband whenever he stayed home on a holiday. (Scold)
  7. Three years ago, while living in London, Mebbin __ potato chips for a living. (sell)
  8. I am sorry if my remarks __ your feelings. (hurt)
  9. Someone __ the light out for fear of an explosion in the colony. (put)
  10. The television company __ a new serial for aged women. (broadcast)

Fill in the blanks with Future Simple or Future Continuous forms:
Permitted V forms – V1, Ving + will, shall

  1. If you don’t wake up now, you __ the train. (miss)
  2. I can give you my life if you __ with me forever. (stay)
  3. There is no time to dawdle around the marketplace as it __ soon. (rain)
  4. The old man said that he __ the city. (will burn/would burn)
  5. In three days, the UFO __ in our village. (land)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate forms of the verbs in brackets

Set 1

  1. Hey, Sam, what ___ there, last night, between eight and nine? (you do)
  2. Anita, if I was not dreaming, I ___ you driving in Mike’s car. (See)
  3. If I ___ a bird, I would fly to America. (Was/were/had been)
  4. At three in the afternoon, they ___ the wall. (Paint)
  5. I didn’t see that he ___ in. (Come)
  6. Hadn’t I taught you that sandwiches could be tasteless if they ___ longer. (Cook)
  7. She didn’t ___ the ring. (Enter)
  8. I was reading Shallot Piker’s new novel when the real Shallot Piker ___ on my door. (Knock)
  9. The thief was entering the password when he ___ footsteps behind him. (Hear)
  10. Did you ___ anyone passing by that gate? (See)

Set 3

  1. We were talking about ghosts when a ghost ___ into the room. (walk)
  2. Sam was reaching the other end of the lake when he saw that one of his dogs ___ into water. (fall)
  3. I was thinking of my next trip to Goa when another idea ___ me. (strike)
  4. The other officer ___ at the goose before the others could. (shoot)
  5. When we reached their home, they ___ from there. (go)
  6. I have ___ this phenomenon but there has been no positive results. (research)
  7. She ___ me a mail by this time tomorrow. (send)
  8. They ___ here for many years since their marriage. (live)
  9. By next year, she ___ the exams. (pass)
  10. If you ___ me earlier, I would have arranged such an amount from my father. (tell)

Set 4

  1. I ___ the hill top if I had started climbing along with you. (reach)
  2. She ___ me a treat if I had helped her cheat in the exam. (give)
  3. Sam ___ with your plan if you had put it clearer. (accept)
  4. Sam tells that he ___ the exam before I did. (pass)
  5. She ___ just ___ out. Why won’t you wait for another ten minutes? (go)
  6. It ___ (rain) since morning on 04th May, 1975, many years ago.
  7. That was another remarkable evening and we ___ guests. (Have/had)
  8. Mr. Ghosh found that the two men __ for a week. (dead)
  9. Sonali ___ since morning. Why don’t you to talk to her right now? (cry)
  10. After the war, the two countries __ in good terms ever since. (H+Be)

The following sentences need to be completed with suitable forms of verbs. 

  1. Satish ___ from the roof. (Past perfect of “fall”)
  2. Marie ____ if she sees you. (Future Simple of “cry”)
  3. There is no place that you ____. (Present Prefect Negative of “visit”)
  4. They ____ him in a canal. (Simple past of “find”)
  5. They ____ this flat for a cheaper price. ( Future perfect Negative of “purchase”)
  6. ____ to Paris recently? (Present Perfect of “Be”)\
  7. She ____ here since 1999. (live) She is still living here.
  8. For seven hours we ____  to New York. (drive) We have not yet reached.
  9. Maria ____ him for so many years but since last September she has hated him. (love)
  10. She ____ her new novel on Harry Potter. (write)

Tense Fills

  1. I met him in a hotel in Vegas where he told me that he ____ a surgery. (undergo)
  2. I ____  the exam if I had attempted it! (pass)
  3. She ____ next year. (get married)
  4. When we reached the hospital, our uncle ____ to the operation theatre. (shift)
  5. They _____ all the poor people here. (help) They have been doing it since 2014.
  6. Listen! I _____ someone’s footsteps. (hear)
  7. A snake crept in while we _____ television. (watch)
  8. The manager from Spain _____ for several years when he suddenly disappeared. (work)
  9. She _____ out. We are expecting her any time. (go)
  10. She _____ here since 1999. She still lives here. (live)
  11. For seven hours we _____  to New York. We have not yet reached. (drive)
  12. Maria _____ him for so many years but since last September she has hated him. (love)
  13. She ____ her new book on child labor. She cannot write any other book at present. (write)

Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs in brackets.

  1. When you ___ (a. turn/turns) left from the next crossing, you ___ (b. find/finds) an old man ___ (c. sell/selling) fruits. Just ___ (d. ask/asks/asking) him if he ___ (e. know/knows) Tom. He ___ (f. know/knows) Tom but he never ___ (g. admit/admits) he ___ (h. know/knows) him.
  2. I am at the zoo at present. I ___ (like/likes) a zoo because I ___ (love/loves) animals and birds. My brother Binoo ___ (do not/does not) like animals. Nor ___ (do/does) he like birds. In our childhood he had a lot of love for animals but now he ___ (don’t/doesn’t)  like them at all.
  3. Ravi ____ (1. ask) me last Sunday if Gods really ____ (2. exist) or not. As I had never ____ (3. expect) such a question from him, I ____ (4. tell) him that ____ (5. search) God is less important than ____ (6. love) Him.
  4. I ___ (work) as an English tutor in Delhi between 2001 and 2014 when a number of unbelievable incidents ___ (happen) in my life. One evening, October 22, I ___ (come) out of the residence of Rajmohan Shetty, an ex-minister of Delhi Government when a man ___ (greet) me with a very innocent smile. I ___ (see) that he was ___ (will) to talk to me. He ___ (come) to the topic. He ___ (be) Mr. Jha, a businessman from South Delhi and ___ (want) me to get a photograph of the ex-minister’s library room. I ___ (grow) panicky and refused any sort of help
  5. She ____ (1. live) in this village for three or four years when suddenly she ____ (2. disappear) one day. No one ____ (3. know) what ____ (4. happen) to her or where she ____ (5. go). All I ____ (6. know) about her was that she was a good woman, ready to help anyone in need, even though she ____ (7. be) in her sixties. We ____ (8. lodge) a written complaint in the nearest police station, ____ (9. seek) the police help to find her but we could not.
  6. Golu, a boy of 12, is my neighbor and student. When I first ___ (1.meet) him three years ago, he ___ (2.play) in a park with a few friends of him. Because his mother ___ (3.ask) me to teach him, I ___ (4. take) a closer look at him. He ___ (5. look) healthy but not lively. When he ___ (6. field) the wickets, he had a very funny expression and when he ___ (7. miss) a catch he ___ (8. roar) like a tiger. I suddenly ___ (9. know) that I was going to have a tough time with this boy.
  7. Here is the story of another student whom I ___ (1. teach) for a year a half. He was not a very difficult stuff but his mom ___ (2. be). She was the most weird person I ever __ (3. meet) and would not like to ___ (4. meet) again. On the first day, she “very well” ___ (5. tell) me that she expected me to teach her ward English grammar as she ___ (6. think) that grammar ___ (7. Be) most important for English. After a week, when I ___ (8. inform) her that the student ___ (9. H+take) much interest in grammar, she ___ (10. ask) me why I ___ (11. waste) much time on grammar as she believed that her child’s grammar had always been wonderful! What a mother!
  8. Have you ever ___ (1. dream) of Heaven? I am not ___ (2. talk) about that heaven which your grandma ___ (3. tell) you when you were a kid. I ___ (4. talk) about a real galaxy of planets and stars to where a lot of time ago ___ (5. migrate) men and women of the earth.
  9. Three men and their servant were walking through a forest. All the three ____ (1. boast) about their skills. On the way they ____ (2. see) the skeleton of a lion. One of them ____ (3. suggest) of ____ (4. bring) the lion back to life. He ____ (5. tell) that he ____ (6. is/was) able to assemble the lion’s broken bones into a perfect skeleton. Very carefully he ____ (7. assemble) the bones and ____ (8. make) the lion stand up. When this was ____ (9. do), the second man said that he ____ (10. can/could) give the skeleton flesh and blood. In no time he ____ (11. give) the lion flesh and blood. Now the lion ____ (12. look) like a real lion. At this, the third man ____ (13. brag) that he was able to ____ (14. breath/breathe) life through the lion. Others ____ (15. laugh) at him saying that no one ____ (16. was/is) able to give life. When the third man ____ (17. approach) the lion to give it life, the servant climbed a tree, ____ (18. plead) to the third man no to give the lion life. The two men _____ (19. laugh) at their servant while the third one ____ (20. restore) the lion to life.
  10. He is a great man, everyone ____ (1. say) I don’t know why people ____ (2. consider) him so. He ____ (3. wake up) at two in the morning and ____ (4. go) for jogging. In half an hour he ____ (5. return) and ____ (6. take) an elaborate bath for another half an hour. I don’t think he eats anything in the morning. The next thing that ____ (7. catch) my eyes is him ____ (8. come) out combing his long hair.
  11. We were altogether three boys and two dogs but still we ___ (1. Have) fears left. When we ___ (2. reach) the boat that ___ (3. abandon) by the pirates, we ___ (4. breathe) better than when we ___ (5. sail) in the previous night. Around midnight Milkin ___ (6. awake) all of us with a heartbreaking call. ___ (7. Spring) to our shaking feet, we ___ (8. ask) him what the matter ___ (9. be). Milkin said that he ___ (10. see) a ghost.
  12. ___ (1. Read) the morning newspaper, last Sunday, I ___ (2. wonder) what ___ (3. will happen) to news media if people stopped ___ (4. commit) crimes and nature stopped ___ (5. cause) calamities. No sooner ___ (have) I wondered so, I got my answer too. If crimes and calamities ___ (can stop), then 1% of the world population, media persons, will go unemployed.
  13. Delhi Metro is a rapid transit system ____ (1. serve) Delhi, Gurgaon, Noida and Ghaziabad in the National Capital Region of India. It is one of the largest metro network in the world. The network ____ (2. consist) of six lines with a total length of 189.63 kilometers with 142 stations of which 35 ____ (3. Be) underground. It has a combination of elevated, at-grade and underground lines and ____ (4. use) both broad gauge and standard gauge rolling stock.
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Biju John

Biju John is an educational writer, educator and the author of OM - The Otherwise Men.

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